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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

STUDIES IN THE PSYCHOLOGY OF SEX, VOLUME I 

 

The Evolution of Modesty 

The Phenomena of Sexual Periodicity 

Auto-Erotism 

 

by 

 

HAVELOCK ELLIS 

 

1927 

 

 

 

 

 

 

 

GENERAL PREFACE. 

 

 

The origin of these _Studies_ dates from many years back. As a youth I was 

faced, as others are, by the problem of sex. Living partly in an 

Australian city where the ways of life were plainly seen, partly in the 

solitude of the bush, I was free both to contemplate and to meditate many 

things. A resolve slowly grew up within me: one main part of my life-work 

should be to make clear the problems of sex. 

 

That was more than twenty years ago. Since then I can honestly say that in 

all that I have done that resolve has never been very far from my 

thoughts. I have always been slowly working up to this central problem; 

and in a book published some three years ago--_Man and Woman: a Study of 

Human Secondary Sexual Characters_--I put forward what was, in my own 

eyes, an introduction to the study of the primary questions of sexual 

psychology. 

 

Now that I have at length reached the time for beginning to publish my 

results, these results scarcely seem to me large. As a youth, I had hoped 

to settle problems for those who came after; now I am quietly content if I 

do little more than state them. For even that, I now think, is much; it is 

at least the half of knowledge. In this particular field the evil of 

ignorance is magnified by our efforts to suppress that which never can be 

suppressed, though in the effort of suppression it may become perverted. I 

have at least tried to find out what are the facts, among normal people as 

well as among abnormal people; for, while it seems to me that the 

physician's training is necessary in order to ascertain the facts, the 

physician for the most part only obtains the abnormal facts, which alone 

bring little light. I have tried to get at the facts, and, having got at 

the facts, to look them simply and squarely in the face. If I cannot 

perhaps turn the lock myself, I bring the key which can alone in the end 

rightly open the door: the key of sincerity. That is my one panacea: 

sincerity. 

 

I know that many of my friends, people on whose side I, too, am to be 

found, retort with another word: reticence. It is a mistake, they say, to 

try to uncover these things; leave the sexual instincts alone, to grow up 

and develop in the shy solitude they love, and they will be sure to grow 

up and develop wholesomely. But, as a matter of fact, that is precisely 

what we can not and will not ever allow them to do. There are very few 

middle-aged men and women who can clearly recall the facts of their lives 

and tell you in all honesty that their sexual instincts have developed 

easily and wholesomely throughout. And it should not be difficult to see 

why this is so. Let my friends try to transfer their feelings and theories 

from the reproductive region to, let us say, the nutritive region, the 

only other which can be compared to it for importance. Suppose that eating 

and drinking was never spoken of openly, save in veiled or poetic 

language, and that no one ever ate food publicly, because it was 

considered immoral and immodest to reveal the mysteries of this natural 

function. We know what would occur. A considerable proportion of the 

community, more especially the more youthful members, possessed by an 

instinctive and legitimate curiosity, would concentrate their thoughts on 

the subject. They would have so many problems to puzzle over: How often 


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