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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

of the sexual impulse to appear in a spontaneous and to some extent 

periodic manner, affecting women differently from men. This is a tendency 

which, later, I hope to make still more apparent, for it has practical and 

social, as well as psychological, implications. Here--and more especially 

in the study of those spontaneous solitary manifestations which I call 

auto-erotic--I have attempted to clear the ground, and to indicate the 

main lines along which the progress of our knowledge in these fields may 

best be attained. 

 

It may surprise many medical readers that in the third and longest study I 

have said little, save incidentally, either of treatment or prevention. 

The omission of such considerations at this stage is intentional. It may 

safely be said that in no other field of human activity is so vast an 

amount of strenuous didactic morality founded on so slender a basis of 

facts. In most other departments of life we at least make a pretence of 

learning before we presume to teach; in the field of sex we content 

ourselves with the smallest and vaguest minimum of information, often 

ostentatiously second-hand, usually unreliable. I wish to emphasize the 

fact that before we can safely talk either of curing or preventing these 

manifestations we must know a great deal more than we know at present 

regarding their distribution, etiology, and symptomatology; and we must 

exercise the same coolness and caution as--if our work is to be 

fruitful--we require in any other field of serious study. We must approach 

these facts as physicians, it is true, but also as psychologists, 

primarily concerned to find out the workings of such manifestations in 

fairly healthy and normal people. If we found a divorce-court judge 

writing a treatise on marriage we should smile. But it is equally absurd 

for the physician, so long as his knowledge is confined to disease, to 

write regarding sex at large; valuable as the facts he brings forward may 

be, he can never be in a position to generalize concerning them. And to 

me, at all events, it seems that we have had more than enough pictures of 

gross sexual perversity, whether furnished by the asylum or the brothel. 

They are only really instructive when they are seen in their proper 

perspective as the rare and ultimate extremes of a chain of phenomena 

which we may more profitably study nearer home. 

 

Yet, although we are, on every hand, surrounded by the normal 

manifestations of sex, conscious or unconscious, these manifestations are 

extremely difficult to observe, and, in those cases in which we are best 

able to observe them, it frequently happens that we are unable to make any 

use of our knowledge. Moreover, even when we have obtained our data, the 

difficulties--at all events, for an English investigator--are by no means 

overcome. He may take for granted that any serious and precise study of 

the sexual instinct will not meet with general approval; his work will be 

misunderstood; his motives will be called in question; among those for 

whom he is chiefly working he will find indifference. Indeed, the pioneer 

in this field may well count himself happy if he meets with nothing worse 

than indifference. Hence it is that the present volume will not be 

published in England, but that, availing myself of the generous sympathy 

with which my work has been received in America, I have sought the wider 

medical and scientific audience of the United States. In matters of faith, 


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