Main  Contacts  
Table of contents
GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

 

 

It cannot, however, be said that the use of clothing for the sake 

of showing the natural forms of the body has everywhere been 

developed. In Japan, where nakedness is accepted without shame, 

clothes are worn to cover and conceal, and not to reveal, the 

body. It is so, also, in China. A distinguished Chinese 

gentleman, who had long resided in Europe, once told Baelz that 

he had gradually learnt to grasp the European point of view, but 

that it would be impossible to persuade his fellow-countrymen 

that a woman who used her clothes to show off her figure could 

possibly possess the least trace of modesty. (Baelz, _Zeitschrift 

fuer Ethnologie_, 1901, Heft 2, p. 179.) 

 

The great artistic elaboration often displayed by articles of ornament or 

clothing, even when very small, and the fact--as shown by Karl von den 

Steinen regarding the Brazilian _uluri_--that they may serve as common 

motives in general decoration, sufficiently prove that such objects 

attract rather than avoid attention. And while there is an invincible 

repugnance among some peoples to remove these articles, such repugnance 

being often strongest when the adornment is most minute, others have no 

such repugnance or are quite indifferent whether or not their aprons are 

accurately adjusted. The mere presence or possession of the article gives 

the required sense of self-respect, of human dignity, of sexual 

desirability. Thus it is that to unclothe a person, is to humiliate him; 

this was so even in Homeric times, for we may recall the threat of 

Ulysses to strip Thyestes.[52] 

 

When clothing is once established, another element, this time a 

social-economic element, often comes in to emphasize its importance and 

increase the anatomical modesty of women. I mean the growth of the 

conception of women as property. Waitz, followed by Schurtz and 

Letourneau, has insisted that the jealousy of husbands is the primary 

origin of clothing, and, indirectly, of modesty. Diderot in the eighteenth 

century had already given clear expression to the same view. It is 

undoubtedly true that only married women are among some peoples clothed, 

the unmarried women, though full grown, remaining naked. In many parts of 

the world, also, as Mantegazza and others have shown, where the men are 

naked and the women covered, clothing is regarded as a sort of disgrace, 

and men can only with difficulty be persuaded to adopt it. Before marriage 

a woman was often free, and not bound to chastity, and at the same time 

was often naked; after marriage she was clothed, and no longer free. To 

the husband's mind, the garment appears--illogically, though naturally--a 

moral and physical protection against any attack on his property.[53] Thus 

a new motive was furnished, this time somewhat artificially, for making 

nakedness, in women at all events, disgraceful. As the conception of 

property also extended to the father's right over his daughters, and the 

appreciation of female chastity developed, this motive spread to unmarried 

as well as married women. A woman on the west coast of Africa must always 

be chaste because she is first the property of her parents and afterwards 

of her husband,[54] and even in the seventeenth century of Christendom so 

able a thinker as Bishop Burnet furnished precisely the same reason for 

feminine chastity.[55] This conception probably constituted the chief and 

most persistent element furnished to the complex emotion of modesty by the 


Page 1 from 6: [1]  2   3   4   5   6   Forward