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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

("Psychologie de la Pudeur," _La Revue_, Nov. 15, 1901) remarks that shame 

differs from modesty in being, not a fear, but a kind of grief; this 

position seems untenable. 

 

[5] Bashfulness in children has been dealt with by Professor Baldwin; see 

especially his _Mental Development in the Child and the Race_, Chapter VI, 

pp. 146 et seq., and _Social Interpretations in Mental Development_, 

Chapter VI. 

 

[6] Bell, "A Preliminary Study of the Emotion of Love Between the Sexes," 

_American Journal Psychology_, July, 1902. 

 

[7] Professor Starbuck (_Psychology of Religion_, Chapter XXX) refers to 

unpublished investigations showing that recognition of the rights of 

others also exhibits a sudden increment at the age of puberty. 

 

[8] Perez, _L'Enfant de Trois a Sept Ans_, 1886, pp. 267-277. 

 

[9] It must be remembered that the Medicean Venus is merely a 

comparatively recent and familiar embodiment of a natural attitude which 

is very ancient, and had impressed sculptors at a far earlier period. 

Reinach, indeed, believes ("La Sculpture en Europe," _L'Anthropologie_, 

No. 5, 1895) that the hand was first brought to the breast to press out 

the milk, and expresses the idea of exuberance, and that the attitude of 

the Venus of Medici as a symbol of modesty came later; he remarks that, as 

regards both hands, this attitude may be found in a figurine of Cyprus, 

2,000 years before Christ. This is, no doubt, correct, and I may add that 

Babylonian figurines of Ishtar, the goddess of fertility, represent her as 

clasping her hands to her breasts or her womb. 

 

[10] When there is no sexual fear the impulse of modesty may be entirely 

inhibited. French ladies under the old Regime (as A. Franklin points out 

in his _Vie Privee d'Autrefois_) sometimes showed no modesty towards their 

valets, not admitting the possibility of any sexual advance, and a lady 

would, for example, stand up in her bath while a valet added hot water by 

pouring it between her separated feet. 

 

[11] I do not hereby mean to deny a certain degree of normal periodicity 

even to the human male; but such periodicity scarcely involves any element 

of sexual fear or attitude of sexual defence, in man because it is too 

slight to involve complete latency of the sexual functions, in other 

species because latency of sexual function in the male is always 

accompanied by corresponding latency in the female. 

 

[12] H. Northcote, _Christianity and the Sex Problem_, p. 8. Crawley had 

previously argued (_The Mystic Rose_, pp. 134, 180) that this same 

necessity for solitude during the performance of nutritive, sexual, and 

excretory functions, is a factor in investing such functions with a 

potential sacredness, so that the concealment of them became a religious 

duty. 

 

[13] _Zeitschrift fuer Ethnologie_, 1878, p. 26. 

 

[14] _Essais_, livre ii, Ch. XV. 

 

[15] _Monsieur Nicolas_, vol. i, p. 89. 

 

[16] Lane, _Arabian Society_, p. 228. The Arab insistence on the value of 

virginal modesty is well brought out in one of the most charming stories 

of the _Arabian Nights_, "The History of the Mirror of Virginity." 

 

[17] This has especially been emphasized by Crawley, _The Mystic Rose_, 

pp. 181, 324 et seq., 353. 

 

[18] _Geschlecht und Gesellschaft_, Bd. II, Heft 8, p. 358. 

 

[19] This, however, is not always or altogether true of experienced women. 

Thus, the Russian correspondent already referred to, who as a youth was 

accustomed, partly out of shyness, to feign complete ignorance of sexual 


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