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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

III. 

 

The Blush the Sanction of Modesty--The Phenomena of Blushing--Influences 

Which Modify the Aptitude to Blush--Darkness, Concealment of the Face, 

Etc. 

 

 

It is impossible to contemplate this series of phenomena, so radically 

persistent whatever its changes of form, and so constant throughout every 

stage of civilization, without feeling that, although modesty cannot 

properly be called an instinct, there must be some physiological basis to 

support it. Undoubtedly such a basis is formed by that vasomotor mechanism 

of which the most obvious outward sign is, in human beings, the blush. All 

the allied emotional forms of fear--shame, bashfulness, timidity--are to 

some extent upheld by this mechanism, but such is especially the case with 

the emotion we are now concerned with.[64] The blush is the sanction of 

modesty. 

 

The blush is, indeed, only a part, almost, perhaps, an accidental 

part, of the organic turmoil with which it is associated. 

Partridge, who has studied the phenomena of blushing in one 

hundred and twenty cases (_Pedagogical Seminary_, April, 1897), 

finds that the following are the general symptoms: tremors near 

the waist, weakness in the limbs, pressure, trembling, warmth, 

weight or beating in the chest, warm wave from feet upward, 

quivering of heart, stoppage and then rapid beating of heart, 

coldness all over followed by heat, dizziness, tingling of toes 

and fingers, numbness, something rising in throat, smarting of 

eyes, singing in ears, prickling sensations of face, and pressure 

inside head. Partridge considers that the disturbance is 

primarily central, a change in the cerebral circulation, and that 

the actual redness of the surface comes late in the nerve storm, 

and is really but a small part of it. 

 

There has been some discussion as to why, and indeed how far, 

blushing is confined to the face. Henle (_Ueber das Erroethen_) 

thought that we blush in the face because all nervous phenomena 

produced by mental states appear first in the face, owing to the 

anatomical arrangement of the nerves of the body. Darwin 

(_Expression of the Emotions_) argued that attention to a part 

tends to produce capillary activity in the part, and that the 

face has been the chief object of attention. It has also been 

argued, on the other hand, that the blush is the vestigial 

remains of a general erethism of sex, in which shame originated; 

that the blush was thus once more widely diffused, and is so 

still among the women of some lower races, its limitation to the 

face being due to sexual selection and the enhanced beauty thus 

achieved. Fere once had occasion to examine, when completely 

nude, a boy of thirteen whose sexual organs were deformed; when 

accused of masturbation he became covered by a blush which spread 

uniformly over his face, neck, body and limbs, before and behind, 

except only the hands and feet. Fere asks whether such a 

universal blush is more common than we imagine, or whether the 

state of nudity favors its manifestation. (_Comptes Rendus, 

Societe de Biologie_, April 1, 1905.) It may be added that 

Partridge mentions one case in which the hands blushed. 

 

The sexual relationships of blushing are unquestionable. It occurs chiefly 

in women; it attains its chief intensity at puberty and during 

adolescence; its most common occasion is some more or less sexual 


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