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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

suggestion; among one hundred and sixty-two occasions of blushing 

enumerated by Partridge, by far the most frequent cause was teasing, 

usually about the other sex. "An erection," it has been said, "is a 

blushing of the penis." Stanley Hall seems to suggest that the sexual 

blush is a vicarious genital flushing of blood, diverted from the genital 

sphere by an inhibition of fear, just as, in girls, giggling is also very 

frequently a vicarious outlet of shame; the sexual blush would thus be the 

outcome of an ancestral sex-fear; it is as an irradiation of sexual 

erethism that the blush may contain an element of pleasure.[65] 

 

Bloch remarks that the blush is sexual, because reddening of the 

face, as well as of the genitals, is an accompaniment of sexual 

emotion (_Beitraege zur AEtiologie der Psychopathia Sexualis_, Teil 

II, p. 39). "Do you not think," a correspondent writes, "that 

the sexual blush, at least, really represents a vaso-relaxor 

effect quite the same as erection? The embarrassment which arises 

is due to a perception of this fact under circumstances which are 

felt to be unsuited for such a condition. There may arise the 

fear of awakening disgust by the exhibition of a state which is 

out of place. I have noticed that such a blush is produced when a 

sufficiently young and susceptible woman is pumped full of 

compliments. This blush seems accompanied by pleasure which does 

not always change to fear or disgust, but is felt to be 

attractive. When discomfort arises, most women say that they feel 

this because 'it looks as if they had no control over 

themselves.' When they feel that there is no need for control, 

they no longer feel fear, and the relaxor effect has a wider 

field of operation, producing a general rosiness, erection of 

spinal sexual organs, etc. Such a blush would thus be a partial 

sexual equivalent, and allow of the inhibition of other sexual 

effects, through the warning it gives, and the fear aroused, as 

well as being in itself a slight outlet of relaxor energy. When 

the relationships of the persons concerned allow freedom to the 

special sexual stimuli, as in marriage, blushing does not occur 

so often, and when it does it has not so often the consequent of 

fear." 

 

There can be no doubt that the blush is sexually attractive. The 

blush is the expression of an impulse to concealment and flight, 

which tends automatically to arouse in the beholder the 

corresponding impulse of pursuit, so that the central situation 

of courtship is at once presented. Women are more or less 

conscious of this, as well as men, and this recognition is an 

added source of embarrassment when it cannot become a source of 

pleasure. The ancient use of rouge testifies to the beauty of the 

blush, and Darwin stated that, in Turkish slave-markets, the 

girls who readily blushed fetched the highest prices. To evoke a 

blush, even by producing embarrassment, is very commonly a cause 

of masculine gratification. 

 

Savages, both men and women, blush even beneath a dusky skin (for 

the phenomenon of blushing among different races, see Waitz, 

_Anthropologie der Naturvoelker_, Bd. I, pp. 149-150), and it is 

possible that natural selection, as well as sexual selection, has 

been favorable to the development of the blush. It is scarcely an 


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