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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

of ill health. The uterine examination reveals a short vagina, 

and a small, round cervix uteri, rather less in size than the 

average, and projecting very slightly into the vaginal canal. 

Depth of uterus from os to fundus, two and a quarter inches, is 

very nearly normal. No external sign of abnormal ovaries. She is 

a well-developed, healthy young woman, performing all her 

physiological functions naturally and regularly, except the 

single function of menstruation. No vicarious menstruation takes 

the place of the natural function, though she has been watched 

very closely during the past two years, nor the least periodical 

excitement. It is added that, though the clitoris is normal, the 

mons veneris is almost destitute of hair, and the labia rather 

undeveloped, while, "as far as is known," sexual instincts and 

desire are entirely absent. These latter facts, I may add, would 

seem to suggest that, in spite of the health of the subject, 

there is yet some concealed lack of development of the sexual 

system, of congenital character. In a case recorded by Plant 

(_Centralblatt fuer Gynaekologie_, No. 9, 1896, summarized in the 

_British Medical Journal_, April 4, 1896), in which the internal 

sexual organs were almost wholly undeveloped, and menstruation 

absent, the labia were similarly undeveloped, and the pubic hair 

scanty, while the axillary hair was wholly absent, though that of 

the head was long and strong. 

 

We may now regard as purely academic the discussion formerly carried on as 

to whether menstruation is to be regarded as analogous to heat in female 

animals. For many centuries at least the resemblance has been sufficiently 

obvious. Raciborski and Pouchet, who first established the regular 

periodicity of ovulation in mammals, identified heat and 

menstruation.[101] During the past century there was, notwithstanding, an 

occasional tendency to deny any real connection. No satisfactory grounds 

for this denial have, however, been brought forward. Lawson Tait, indeed, 

and more recently Beard, have stated that menstruation cannot be the 

period of heat, because women have a disinclination to the approach of the 

male at that time.[102] But, as we shall see later, this statement is 

unfounded. An argument which might, indeed, be brought forward is the very 

remarkable fact that, while in animals the period of heat is the only 

period for sexual intercourse, among all human races, from the very 

lowest, the period of menstruation is the one period during which sexual 

intercourse is strictly prohibited, sometimes under severe penalties, even 

life itself. This, however, is a social, not a physiological, fact. 

 

Ploss and Bartels call attention to the curious contrast, in this 

respect, between heat and menstruation. The same authors also 

mention that in the Middle Ages, however, preachers found it 

necessary to warn their hearers against the sin of intercourse 

during the menstrual period. It may be added that Aquinas and 

many other early theologians held, not only that such intercourse 

was a deadly sin, but that it engendered leprous and monstrous 

children. Some later theologians, however, like Sanchez, argued 

that the Mosaic enactments (such as Leviticus, Ch. XX, v. 18) no 

longer hold good. Modern theologians--in part influenced by the 


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