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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

by _esprit de corps_. They are watching in advance over the 

happiness of the future lover. To a timid and tender woman there 

ought to be no greater torture than to allow herself in the 

presence of a man something which she thinks she ought to blush 

at. I am convinced that a proud woman would prefer a thousand 

deaths. A slight liberty taken on the tender side by the man she 

loves gives a woman a moment of keen pleasure, but if he has the 

air of blaming her for it, or only of not enjoying it with 

transport, an awful doubt must be left in her mind. For a woman 

above the vulgar level there is, then, everything to gain by very 

reserved manners. The play is not equal. She hazards against a 

slight pleasure, or against the advantage of appearing a little 

amiable, the danger of biting remorse, and a feeling of shame 

which must render even the lover less dear. An evening passed 

gaily and thoughtlessly, without thinking of what comes after, is 

dearly paid at this price. The sight of a lover with whom one 

fears that one has had this kind of wrong must become odious for 

several days. Can one be surprised at the force of a habit, the 

slightest infractions of which are punished with such atrocious 

shame? As to the utility of modesty, it is the mother of love. As 

to the mechanism of the feeling, nothing is simpler. The mind is 

absorbed in feeling shame instead of being occupied with desire. 

Desires are forbidden, and desires lead to actions. It is evident 

that every tender and proud woman--and these two things, being 

cause and effect, naturally go together--must contract habits of 

coldness which the people whom she disconcerts call prudery. The 

power of modesty is so great that a tender woman betrays herself 

with her lover rather by deeds than by words. The evil of 

modesty is that it constantly leads to falsehood." (Stendhal, _De 

l'Amour_, Chapter XXIV.) 

 

It thus happens that, as Adler remarks (_Die Mangelhafte 

Geschlechtsempfindung des Weibes_, p. 133), the sexual impulse in 

women is fettered by an inhibition which has to be conquered. A 

thin veil of reticence, shyness, and anxiety is constantly cast 

anew over a woman's love, and her wooer, in every act of 

courtship, has the enjoyment of conquering afresh an oft-won 

woman. 

 

An interesting testimony to the part played by modesty in 

effecting the union of the sexes is furnished by the fact--to 

which attention has often been called--that the special modesty 

of women usually tends to diminish, though not to disappear, with 

the complete gratification of the sexual impulses. This may be 

noted among savage as well as among civilized women. The 

comparatively evanescent character of modesty has led to the 

argument (Venturi, _Degenerazioni Psico-sessuali_, pp. 92-93) 

that modesty (_pudore_) is possessed by women alone, men 

exhibiting, instead, a sense of decency which remains at about 

the same level of persistency throughout life. Viazzi ("Pudore 

nell 'uomo e nella donna," _Rivista Mensile di Psichiatria 

Forense_, 1898), on the contrary, following Sergi, argues that 

men are, throughout, more modest than women; but the points he 

brings forward, though often just, scarcely justify his 

conclusion. While the young virgin, however, is more modest and 


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