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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

shy than the young man of the same age, the experienced married 

woman is usually less so than her husband, and in a woman who is 

a mother the shy reticences of virginal modesty would be rightly 

felt to be ridiculous. ("Les petites pudeurs n'existent pas pour 

les meres," remarks Goncourt, _Journal des Goncourt_, vol. iii, 

p. 5.) She has put off a sexual livery that has no longer any 

important part to play in life, and would, indeed, be 

inconvenient and harmful, just as a bird loses its sexual plumage 

when the pairing season is over. 

 

Madame Celine Renooz, in an elaborate study of the psychological 

sexual differences between men and women (_Psychologie Comparee 

de l'Homme et de la Femme_, 1898, pp. 85-87), also believes that 

modesty is not really a feminine characteristic. "Modesty," she 

argues, "is masculine shame attributed to women for two reasons: 

first, because man believes that woman is subject to the same 

laws as himself; secondly, because the course of human evolution 

has reversed the psychology of the sexes, attributing to women 

the psychological results of masculine sexuality. This is the 

origin of the conventional lies which by a sort of social 

suggestion have intimidated women. They have, in appearance at 

least, accepted the rule of shame imposed on them by men, but 

only custom inspires the modesty for which they are praised; it 

is really an outrage to their sex. This reversal of psychological 

laws has, however, only been accepted by women with a struggle. 

Primitive woman, proud of her womanhood, for a long time 

defended her nakedness which ancient art has always represented. 

And in the actual life of the young girl to-day there is a moment 

when, by a secret atavism, she feels the pride of her sex, the 

intuition of her moral superiority, and cannot understand why she 

must hide its cause. At this moment, wavering between the laws of 

Nature and social conventions, she scarcely knows if nakedness 

should or should not affright her. A sort of confused atavistic 

memory recalls to her a period before clothing was known, and 

reveals to her as a paradisaical ideal the customs of that human 

epoch." 

 

In support of this view the authoress proceeds to point out that 

the _decollete_ constantly reappears in feminine clothing, never 

in male; that missionaries experience great difficulty in 

persuading women to cover themselves; that, while women accept 

with facility an examination by male doctors, men cannot force 

themselves to accept examination by a woman doctor, etc. (These 

and similar points had already been independently brought forward 

by Sergi, _Archivio di Psichiatria_, vol. xiii, 1892.) 

 

It cannot be said that Madame Renooz's arguments will all bear 

examination, if only on the ground that nakedness by no means 

involves absence of modesty, but the point of view which she 

expresses is one which usually fails to gain recognition, though 

it probably contains an important element of truth. It is quite 

true, as Stendhal said, that modesty is very largely taught; from 

the earliest years, a girl child is trained to show a modesty 

which she quickly begins really to feel. This fact cannot fail to 

strike any one who reads the histories of pseudo-hermaphroditic 


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