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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

fuer Ethnologie_, 1896, p. 151) shows that at Lauterberg, in the Harz 

Mountains, the line of demarcation between these two primitive districts 

may still be clearly traced. 

 

[138] _Wald und Feldkulte_, 1875, vol. i, pp. 422 et seq. He also mentions 

(p. 458) that St. Valentine's Day (14th of February),--or Ember Day, or 

the last day of February,--when the pairing of birds was supposed to take 

place, was associated, especially in England, with love-making and the 

choice of a mate. In Lorraine, it may be added, on the 1st of May, the 

young girls chose young men as their valentines, a custom known by this 

name to Rabelais. 

 

[139] Rochholz, _Drei gaugoettinnen_, p, 37. 

 

[140] Mannhardt, ibid., pp. 466 et seq. Also J.G. Frazer, _Golden Bough_, 

vol ii, Chapter IV. For further facts and references, see K. Pearson (_The 

Chances of Death_, 1897, vol, ii, "Woman as Witch," "Kindred 

Group-marriage," and Appendix on "The '_Mailehn_' and '_Kiltgang_,'") who 

incidentally brings together some of the evidence concerning primitive 

sex-festivals in Europe. Also, E. Hahn, _Demeter und Baubo_, 1896, pp. 

38-40; and for some modern survivals, see Deniker, _Races of Man_, 1900, 

Chapter III. On a lofty tumulus near the megalithic remains at Carnac, in 

Brittany, the custom still prevails of lighting a large bonfire at the 

time of the summer solstice; it is called Tan Heol, or Tan St. Jean. In 

Ireland, the bonfires also take place on St. John's Eve, and a 

correspondent, who has often witnessed them in County Waterford, writes 

that "women, with garments raised, jump through these fires, and conduct 

which, on ordinary occasions would be reprobated, is regarded as excusable 

and harmless." Outside Europe, the Berbers of Morocco still maintain this 

midsummer festival, and in the Rif they light bonfires; here the fires 

seem to be now regarded as mainly purificatory, but they are associated 

with eating ceremonies which are still regarded as multiplicative. 

(Westermarck, "Midsummer Customs in Morocco," _Folk-Lore_, March, 1905.) 

 

[141] Mannhardt (op. cit., p. 469) quotes a description of an Ehstonian 

festival in the Island of Moon, when the girls dance in a circle round the 

fire, and one of them,--to the envy of the rest, and the pride of her own 

family,--is chosen by the young men, borne away so violently that her 

clothes are often torn, and thrown down by a youth, who places one leg 

over her body in a kind of symbolical coitus, and lies quietly by her side 

till morning. The spring festivals of the young people of Ukrainia, in 

which, also, there is singing, dancing, and sleeping together, are 

described in "Folk-Lore de l'Ukrainie." Kryptadia, vol. v, pp. 2-6, and 

vol. viii, pp. 303 et seq. 

 

[142] M. Kowalewsky, "Marriage Among the Early Slavs," _Folk-Lore_, 

December, 1890. 

 

[143] A. Tille, however (_Yule and Christmas_, 1899), while admitting that 

the general Aryan division of the year was dual, follows Tacitus in 

asserting that the Germanic division of the year (like the Egyptian) was 

tripartite: winter, spring, and summer. 

 

[144] Grimm, _Teutonic Mythology_ (English translation by Stallybrass), 

pp. 612-630, 779, 788. 

 

[145] Wellhausen, _Reste Arabischen Heidentums_, 1897, p. 98. 

 

[146] See, e.g., the chapter on ritual in Gerard-Varet's interesting book, 

_L'Ignorance et l'Irreflexion_, 1899, for a popular account of this and 

allied primitive conceptions. 

 

[147] Jastrow, _Religion of Babylonia_, especially pp. 485, 571; regarding 


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