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Church found an outlet for this "spring fever" in pilgrimages to remote
shrines. As Chaucer wrote, in the _Canterbury Tales_:--
"Whane that Aprille with his showers sote
The droughts of March hath pierced to the root,
Thaen longen folk to gon on pilgrimages,
And palmers for to seeken strange stronds."
 L.W. Kline, "The Migratory Impulse," _American Journal of
Psychology_, 1898, vol. x, especially pp. 21-24.
 Mania comes to a crisis in spring, said the old physician, Aretaeus
(Bk. 1, Ch. V).
 This is, at all events, the case in France, Prussia, and Italy. See,
for instance, Durkheim's discussion of the cosmic factors of suicide, _Le
Suicide_, 1897, Chapter III. In Spain, as Bernaldo de Quiros shows
(_Criminologia_, p. 69), there is a slight irregular rise in December, but
otherwise the curve is perfectly regular, with maximum in June, and
minimum in January.
 This holds good of a south European country, taken separately. A
chart of the annual incidence of suicide by hanging, in Roumania,
presented by Minovici (_Archives d'Anthropologie Criminelle_, 1905, p.
587), shows climaxes of equal height in May and September.
 Morselli, _Suicide_, pp. 55-72.
 Ogle himself was inclined to think that these breaks were
accidental, being unaware of the allied phenomena with which they may be
brought into line. It is true that (as Gaedeken objects to me) the
autumnal break is very slight, but it is probably real when we are dealing
with so large a mass of data.
 _Pedagogical Seminary_, June, 1891, p. 298. For a very full summary
and bibliography of investigations regarding growth, see F. Burk, "Growth
of Children in Height and Weight," _American Journal of Psychology_,
 _L'Annee Psychologique_, 1898.
 _Lancet_, June 6, 1891. Edward Smith had pointed out many years
earlier that scarlet fever is most fatal in periods of increasing
 Havelock Ellis, "The Bladder as a Dynamometer," _American Journal of
Dermatology_, May, 1902.
 See, e.g., summary in _Internationales Centrablatt fuer
Anthropologie_, 1902, Heft 4, p. 207.
 Summarized in _Zeitschrift fuer Psychologie der Sinnesorgane_, 1903,
 Camerer found that from September to November is the period of
greatest metabolic activity.
 Haig, _Uric Acid_, 6th edition, 1903, p. 33.
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