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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL 

IMPULSE. 

 

 

I. 

 

Definition of Auto-erotism--Masturbation only Covers a Small Portion of 

the Auto-erotic Field--The Importance of this Study, especially 

To-day--Auto-erotic Phenomena in Animals--Among Savage and Barbaric 

Races--The Japanese _rin-no-tama_ and other Special Instruments for 

Obtaining Auto-erotic Gratification--Abuse of the Ordinary Implements and 

Objects of Daily Life--The Frequency of Hair-pin in the Bladder--The 

Influence of Horse-exercise and Railway Traveling--The Sewing-machine and 

the Bicycle--Spontaneous Passive Sexual Excitement--_Delectatio 

Morosa_--Day-dreaming--_Pollutio_--Sexual Excitement During Sleep--Erotic 

Dreams--The Analogy of Nocturnal Enuresis--Differences in the Erotic 

Dreams of Men and Women--The Auto-erotic Phenomena of Sleep in the 

Hysterical--Their Frequently Painful Character. 

 

 

By "auto-erotism" I mean the phenomena of spontaneous sexual emotion 

generated in the absence of an external stimulus proceeding, directly or 

indirectly, from another person. In a wide sense, which cannot be wholly 

ignored here, auto-erotism may be said to include those transformations of 

repressed sexual activity which are a factor of some morbid conditions as 

well as of the normal manifestation of art and poetry, and, indeed, more 

or less color the whole of life. 

 

Such a definition excludes the normal sexual excitement aroused by the 

presence of a beloved person of the opposite sex; it also excludes the 

perverted sexuality associated with an attraction to a person of the same 

sex; it further excludes the manifold forms of erotic fetichism, in which 

the normal focus of sexual attraction is displaced, and voluptuous 

emotions are only aroused by some object--hair, shoes, garments, 

etc.--which, to the ordinary lover, are of subordinate--though still, 

indeed, considerable--importance.[176] The auto-erotic field remains 

extensive; it ranges from occasional voluptuous day-dreams, in which the 

subject is entirely passive, to the perpetual unashamed efforts at sexual 

self-manipulation witnessed among the insane. It also includes, though 

chiefly as curiosities, those cases in which individuals fall in love with 

themselves. Among auto-erotic phenomena, or on the borderland, we must 

further include those religious sexual manifestations for an ideal object, 

of which we may find evidence in the lives of saints and ecstatics.[177] 

The typical form of auto-erotism is the occurrence of the sexual orgasm 

during sleep. 

 

I do not know that any apology is needful for the invention of the term 

"auto-erotism."[178] There is no existing word in current use to indicate 

the whole range of phenomena I am here concerned with. We are familiar 

with "masturbation," but that, strictly speaking, only covers a special 

and arbitrary subdivision of the field, although, it is true, the 

subdivision with which physicians and alienists have chiefly occupied 

themselves. "Self-abuse" is somewhat wider, but by no means covers the 

whole ground, while for various reasons it is an unsatisfactory term. 

"Onanism" is largely used, especially in France, and some writers even 

include all forms of homosexual connection under this name; it may be 

convenient to do so from a physiological point of view, but it is a 

confusing and antiquated mode of procedure, and from the psychological 

standpoint altogether illegitimate; "onanism" ought never to be used in 


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