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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

It will be seen that this discussion of modesty is highly 

generalized and abstracted; it deals simply with the formal 

mechanism of the process. Hohenemser admits that fear is a form 

of psychic stasis, and I have sought to show that modesty is a 

complexus of fears. We may very well accept the conception of 

psychic stasis at the outset. The analysis of modesty has still 

to be carried very much further. 

 

 

The discussion of modesty is complicated by the difficulty, and even 

impossibility, of excluding closely-allied emotions--shame, shyness, 

bashfulness, timidity, etc.--all of which, indeed, however defined, adjoin 

or overlap modesty.[3] It is not, however, impossible to isolate the main 

body of the emotion of modesty, on account of its special connection, on 

the whole, with the consciousness of sex. I here attempt, however 

imperfectly, to sketch out a fairly-complete analysis of its constitution 

and to trace its development. 

 

In entering upon this investigation a few facts with regard to 

the various manifestations of modesty may be helpful to us. I 

have selected these from scattered original sources, and have 

sought to bring out the variety and complexity of the problems 

with which we are here concerned. 

 

The New Georgians of the Solomon Islands, so low a race that they 

are ignorant both of pottery and weaving, and wear only a loin 

cloth, "have the same ideas of what is decent with regard to 

certain acts and exposures that we ourselves have;" so that it is 

difficult to observe whether they practice circumcision. 

(Somerville, _Journal of the Anthropological Institute_, 1897, p. 

394.) 

 

In the New Hebrides "the closest secrecy is adopted with regard 

to the penis, not at all from a sense of decency, but to avoid 

Narak, the _sight_ even of that of another man being considered 

most dangerous. The natives of this savage island, accordingly, 

wrap the penis around with many yards of calico, and other like 

materials, winding and folding them until a preposterous bundle 

18 inches, or 2 feet long, and 2 inches or more in diameter is 

formed, which is then supported upward by means of a belt, in the 

extremity decorated with flowering grasses, etc. The testicles 

are left naked." There is no other body covering. (Somerville, 

_Journal of the Anthropological Institute_, 1894, p. 368.) 

 

In the Pelew Islands, says Kubary, as quoted by Bastian, it is 

said that when the God Irakaderugel and his wife were creating 

man and woman (he forming man and she forming woman), and were at 

work on the sexual organs, the god wished to see his consort's 

handiwork. She, however, was cross, and persisted in concealing 

what she had made. Ever since then women wear an apron of 

pandanus-leaves and men go naked. (A. Bastian, _Inselgruppen in 

Oceanien_, p. 112.) 

 

 

In the Pelew Islands, Semper tells us that when approaching a 

large water-hole he was surprised to hear an affrighted, 

long-drawn cry from his native friends. "A girl's voice answered 

out of the bushes, and my people held us back, for there were 

women bathing there who would not allow us to pass. When I 

remarked that they were only women, of whom they need not be 

afraid, they replied that it was not so, that women had an 

unbounded right to punish men who passed them when bathing 


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