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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

etc.--who had all had experience of the phenomenon. (L. Gualino, 

"Il Sogno Erotico nell' Uomo Normale," _Rivista di Psicologia_, 

Jan.-Feb., 1907.) Gualino shows that erotic dreams, with 

emissions (whether or not seminal), began somewhat earlier than 

the period of physical development as ascertained by Marro for 

youths of the same part of northern Italy. Gualino found that all 

his cases had had erotic dreams at the age of seventeen; Marro 

found 8 per cent, of youths still sexually undeveloped at that 

age, and while sexual development began at thirteen years, erotic 

dreams began at twelve. Their appearance was preceded, in most 

cases for some months, by erections. In 37 per cent, of the cases 

there had been no actual sexual experiences (either masturbation 

or intercourse); in 23 per cent, there had been masturbation; in 

the rest, some form of sexual contact. The dreams are mainly 

visual, tactual elements coming second, and the _dramatis 

persona_ is either an unknown woman (27 per cent, cases), or only 

known by sight (56 per cent.), and in the majority is, at all 

events in the beginning, an ugly or fantastic figure, becoming 

more attractive later in life, but never identical with the woman 

loved during waking life. This, as Gualino points out, accords 

with the general tendency for the emotions of the day to be 

latent in sleep. Masturbation only formed the subject of the 

dream in four cases. The emotional state in the pubertal stage, 

apart from pleasure, was anxiety (37 per cent.), desire (17 per 

cent.), fear (14 per cent.). In the adult stage, anxiety and fear 

receded to 7 per cent, and 6 per cent., respectively. 

Thirty-three of the subjects, as a result of sexual or general 

disturbances, had had nocturnal emissions without dreams; these 

were always found exhausting. Normally (in more than 90 per 

cent.) erotic dreams are the most vivid of all dreams. In no case 

was there knowledge of any monthly or other cyclic periodicity in 

the occurrence of the manifestations. In 34 per cent, of cases, 

they tended to occur very soon after sexual intercourse. In 

numerous cases they were peculiarly frequent (even three in one 

night) during courtship, when the young man was in the habit of 

kissing and caressing his betrothed, but ceased after marriage. 

It was not noted that position in bed or a full bladder exerted 

any marked influence in the occurrence of erotic dreams; 

repletion of the seminal vesicles is regarded as the main factor. 

 

In Germany erotic dreams have been discussed by Volkelt (_Die 

Traum-Phantasie_, 1875, pp. 78-82), and especially by Loewenfeld 

(_Sexual-Probleme_, Oct., 1908), while in America, Stanley Hall 

thus summarizes the general characteristics of erotic dreams in 

men: "In by far the most cases, consciousness, even when the act 

causes full awakening from sleep, finds only scattered images, 

single words, gestures, and acts, many of which would perhaps 

normally constitute no provocation. Many times the mental 

activity seems to be remote and incidental, and the mind retains 

in the morning nothing except, perhaps, a peculiar dress pattern, 

the shape of a finger-nail, the back of a neck, the toss of a 

head, the movement of a foot, or the dressing of the hair. In 


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