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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

otherwise quite free from it. This is most apt to occur in young 

women even in waking life. In men it is probably extremely rare. 

 

The erotic dream seems to differ flagrantly from the vesical 

dream, in that it occurs in adult life, and is with difficulty 

brought under control. The contrast is, however, very 

superficial. When we remember that sexual activity only begins 

normally at puberty, we realize that the youth of twenty is, in 

the matter of sexual control, scarcely much older than in the 

matter of vesical control he was at the age of six. Moreover, if 

we were habitually, from our earliest years, to go to bed with a 

full bladder, as the chaste man goes to bed with unrelieved 

sexual system, it would be fully as difficult to gain vesical 

control during sleep as it now is to gain sexual control. 

Ultimately, such sexual control is attained; after the age of 

forty, it seems that erotic dreams with emission become more and 

more rare; either the dream occurs without actual emission, 

exactly as dreams of urination occur in adults with full bladder, 

or else the organic stress, with or without dreams, serves to 

awaken the sleeper before any emission has occurred. But this 

stage is not easily or completely attained. St. Augustine, even 

at the period when he wrote his _Confessions_, mentions, as a 

matter of course, that sexual dreams "not merely arouse pleasure, 

but gain the consent of the will." (X. 41.) Not infrequently 

there is a struggle in sleep, just as the hypnotic subject may 

resist suggestions; thus, a lady of thirty-five dreamed a sexual 

dream, and awoke without excitement; again she fell asleep, and 

had another dream of sexual character, but resisted the tendency 

to excitement, and again awoke; finally, she fell asleep and had 

a third sexual dream, which was this time accompanied by the 

orgasm. (This has recently been described also by Naecke, who 

terms it _pollutio interrupta, Neurologisches Centralblatt_, Oct. 

16, 1909; the corresponding voluntary process in the waking state 

is described by Rohleder and termed _masturbatio interrupta, 

Zeitschrift fuer Sexualwissenschaft_, Aug., 1908.) The factors 

involved in the acquirement of vesical and sexual control during 

sleep are the same, but the conditions are somewhat different. 

 

There is a very intimate connection between the vesical and the 

sexual spheres, as I have elsewhere pointed out (see e.g. in the 

third volume of these _Studies_, "Analysis of the Sexual 

Impulse"). This connection is psychic as well as organic. Both in 

men and women, a full bladder tends to develop erotic dreams. 

(See e.g. K.A. Scherner, _Das Leben des Traums_, 1861, pp. 187 et 

seq.; Spitta also points out the connection between vesical and 

erotic dreams, _Die Schlaf und Traumzustaende_, 2d ed., 1882, pp. 

250 et seq.) Raymond and Janet state (_Les Obscessions_, vol. ii, 

p. 135) that nocturnal incontinence of urine, accompanied by 

dreams of urination, may be replaced at puberty by masturbation. 

In the reverse direction, Freud believes (_Monatsschrift fuer 

Psychiatrie_, Bd. XVIII, p. 433) that masturbation plays a large 

part in causing the bed-wetting of children who have passed the 

age when that usually ceases, and he even finds that children are 


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