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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

excitement at the sight of their own bodies in a mirror." 

 

Valera, the Spanish novelist, very well described this impulse in 

his _Genio y Figura_. Rafaela, the heroine of this novel, says 

that, after her bath: "I fall into a puerility which may be 

innocent or vicious, I cannot decide. I only know that it is a 

purely contemplative act, a disinterested admiration of beauty. 

It is not coarse sensuality, but aesthetic platonism. I imitate 

Narcissus; and I apply my lips to the cold surface of the mirror 

and kiss my image. It is the love of beauty, the expression of 

tenderness and affection for what God has made manifest, in an 

ingenuous kiss imprinted on the empty and incorporeal 

reflection." In the same spirit the real heroine of the _Tagebuch 

einer Verlorenen_ (p. 114), at the point when she was about to 

become a prostitute, wrote: "I am pretty. It gives me pleasure to 

throw off my clothes, one by one, before the mirror, and to look 

at myself, just as I am, white as snow and straight as a fir, 

with my long, fine, hair, like a cloak of black silk. When I 

spread abroad the black stream of it, with both hands, I am like 

a white swan with black wings." 

 

A typical case known to me is that of a lady of 28, brought up on 

a farm. She is a handsome woman, of very large and fine 

proportions, active and healthy and intelligent, with, however, 

no marked sexual attraction to the opposite sex; at the same time 

she is not inverted, though she would like to be a man, and has a 

considerable degree of contempt for women. She has an intense 

admiration for her own person, especially her limbs; she is 

never so happy as when alone and naked in her own bedroom, and, 

so far as possible, she cultivates nakedness. She knows by heart 

the various measurements of her body, is proud of the fact that 

they are strictly in accordance with the canons of proportion, 

and she laughs proudly at the thought that her thigh is larger 

than many a woman's waist. She is frank and assured in her 

manners, without sexual shyness, and, while willing to receive 

the attention and admiration of others, she makes no attempt to 

gain it, and seems never to have experienced any emotions 

stronger than her own pleasure in herself. I should add that I 

have had no opportunity of detailed examination, and cannot speak 

positively as to the absence of masturbation. 

 

In the extreme form in which alone the name of Narcissus may 

properly be invoked, there is comparative indifference to sexual 

intercourse or even the admiration of the opposite sex. Such a 

condition seems to be rare, except, perhaps, in insanity. Since I 

called attention to this form of auto-erotism (_Alienist and 

Neurologist_, April, 1898), several writers have discussed the 

condition, especially Naecke, who, following out the suggestion, 

terms the condition Narcissism. Among 1,500 insane persons, Naecke 

has found it in four men and one woman (_Psychiatrische en 

Neurologische Bladen_, No. 2, 1899), Dr. C.H. Hughes writes (in a 

private letter) that he is acquainted with such cases, in which 

men have been absorbed in admiration of their own manly forms, 

and of their sexual organs, and women, likewise, absorbed in 

admiration of their own mammae and physical proportions, 


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