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especially of limbs. "The whole subject," he adds, "is a singular
phase of psychology, and it is not all morbid psychology, either.
It is closely allied to that aesthetic sense which admires the
nude in art."
Fere (_L'Instinct Sexuel_, 2d ed., p. 271) mentions a woman who
experienced sexual excitement in kissing her own hand. Naecke knew
a woman in an asylum who, during periodical fits of excitement,
would kiss her own arms and hands, at the same time looking like
a person in love. He also knew a young man with dementia praecox?
who would kiss his own image ("Der Kuss bei Geisteskranken,"
_Allgemeine Zeitschrift fuer Psychiatrie_, Bd. LXIII, p. 127).
Moll refers to a young homosexual lawyer, who experienced great
pleasure in gazing at himself in a mirror (_Kontraere
Sexualempfindung_, 3d ed., p. 228), and mentions another inverted
man, an admirer of the nates of men, who, chancing to observe his
own nates in a mirror, when changing his shirt, was struck by
their beauty, and subsequently found pleasure in admiring them
(_Libido Sexualis_, Bd. I, Theil I, p. 60). Krafft-Ebing knew a
man who masturbated before a mirror, imagining, at the same time,
how much better a real lover would be.
The best-observed cases of Narcissism have, however, been
recorded by Rohleder, who confers upon this condition the
ponderous name of automonosexualism, and believes that it has not
been previously observed (H. Rohleder, _Der Automonosexualismus_,
being Heft 225 of _Berliner Klinik_, March, 1907). In the two
cases investigated by Rohleder, both men, there was sexual
excitement in the contemplation of the individual's own body,
actually or in a mirror, with little or no sexual attraction to
other persons. Rohleder is inclined to regard the condition as
due to a congenital defect in the "sexual centre" of the brain.
 All the above groups of phenomena are dealt with in other volumes of
these _Studies_: the manifestations of normal sexual excitement, in vols.
iii, iv, and v; homosexuality, in vol. ii, and erotic fetichism, in vol.
 See Appendix C.
 Letamendi, of Madrid, has suggested "_auto-erastia_" to cover what
is probably much the same field. In the beginning of the nineteenth
century, Hufeland, in his _Makrobiotic_, invented the term "_geistige
Onanie_," to express the filling and heating of the imagination with
voluptuous images, without unchastity of body; and in 1844, Kaan, in his
_Psychopathia Sexualis_, used, but did not invent, the term "_onania
psychica_." Gustav Jaeger, in his _Entdeckung der Seele_, proposed
"monosexual idiosyncrasy," to indicate the most animal forms of
masturbation taking place without any correlative imaginative element, a
condition illustrated by cases given in Moll's _Untersuchungen ueber die
Libido Sexualis_, Bd. I, pp. 13 et seq. Dr. Laupts (a pseudonym for the
accomplished psychologist, Dr. Saint-Paul) uses the term _autophilie_, for
solitary vice. (_Perversion et Perversite Sexuelles_, 1896, p. 337.) But
all these terms only cover a portion of the field.
 H. Northcote, _Christianity and Sex Problems_, p. 231.
 Rosse observed two elephants procuring erection by entwining their
proboscides, the act being completed by one elephant opening his mouth and
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