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Table of contents
GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

Psychological Medicine_ at the same time as Charcot, Donkin, while 

deprecating any exclusive emphasis on the sexual causation, pointed out 

the enormous part played by the emotions in the production of hysteria, 

and the great influence of puberty in women due to the greater extent of 

the sexual organs, and the consequently large area of central innervation 

involved, and thus rendered liable to fall into a state of unstable 

equilibrium. Enforced abstinence from the gratification of any of the 

inherent and primitive desires, he pointed out, may be an adequate 

exciting cause. Such a view as this indicated that to set aside the 

ancient doctrine of a physical sexual cause of hysteria was by no means to 

exclude a psychic sexual cause. Ten years earlier Axenfeld and Huchard had 

pointed out that the reaction against the sexual origin of hysteria was 

becoming excessive, and they referred to the evidence brought forward by 

veterinary surgeons showing that unsatisfied sexual desire in animals may 

produce nervous symptoms very similar to hysteria.[263] The present 

writer, when in 1894 briefly discussing hysteria as an element in 

secondary sexual characterization, ventured to reflect the view, confirmed 

by his own observation, that there was a tendency to unduly minimize the 

sexual factor in hysteria, and further pointed out that the old error of a 

special connection between hysteria and the female sexual organs, probably 

arose from the fact that in woman the organic sexual sphere is larger than 

in man.[264] 

 

When, indeed, we analyze the foundation of the once predominant opinions 

of Charcot and his school regarding the sexual relationships of hysteria, 

it becomes clear that many fallacies and misunderstandings were involved. 

Briquet, Charcot's chief predecessor, acknowledged that his own view was 

that a sexual origin of hysteria would be "degrading to women"; that is to 

say, he admitted that he was influenced by a foolish and improper 

prejudice, for the belief that the unconscious and involuntary morbid 

reaction of the nervous system to any disturbance of a great primary 

instinct can have "_quelque chose de degradant_" is itself an immoral 

belief; such disturbance of the nervous system might or might not be 

caused, but in any case the alleged "degradation" could only be the 

fiction of a distorted imagination. Again, confusion had been caused by 

the ancient error of making the physical sexual organs responsible for 

hysteria, first the womb, more recently the ovaries; the outcome of this 

belief was the extirpation of the sexual organs for the cure of hysteria. 

Charcot condemned absolutely all such operations as unscientific and 

dangerous, declaring that there is no such thing as hysteria of menstrual 

origin.[265] Subsequently, Angelucci and Pierracini carried out an 

international inquiry into the results of the surgical treatment of 

hysteria, and condemned it in the most unqualified manner.[266] It is 

clearly demonstrated that the physical sexual organs are not the seat of 

hysteria. It does not, however, follow that even physical sexual desire, 

when repressed, is not a cause of hysteria. The opinion that it was so 

formed an essential part of the early doctrine of hysteria, and was 

embodied in the ancient maxim: "_Nubat illa et morbus effugiet_." The 

womb, it seemed to the ancients, was crying out for satisfaction, and when 

that was received the disease vanished.[267] But when it became clear that 


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