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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

agreeing with Janet (although on many points at one with him), that 

psychic weakness marks hysteria; there is merely an appearance of mental 

weakness, they say, because the mental activity of the hysterical is split 

up, and only a part of it is conscious.[273] The superiority of character 

of the hysterical is indicated by the fact that the conflict between their 

ideas of right and the bent of their inclinations is often an element in 

the constitution of the hysterical state. Breuer and Freud are prepared to 

assert that the hysterical are among "the flower of humanity," and they 

refer to those qualities of combined imaginative genius and practical 

energy which characterized St. Theresa, "the patron saint of the 

hysterical." 

 

To understand the position of Breuer and Freud we may start from the 

phenomenon of "nervous shock" produced by physical traumatism, often of a 

very slight character. Charcot had shown that such "nervous shock," with 

the chain of resulting symptoms, is nothing more or less than hysteria. 

Breuer and Freud may be linked on to Charcot at this point. They began by 

regarding the most typical hysteria as really a _psychic traumatism_; that 

is to say, that it starts in a lesion, or rather in repeated lesions, of 

the emotional organism. It is true that the school of Charcot admitted the 

influence of moral shock, especially of the emotion of fear, but that 

merely as an "_agent provocateur_," and with a curious perversity Gilles 

de la Tourette, certainly reflecting the attitude of Charcot, in his 

elaborate treatise on hysteria fails to refer to the sphere of the sexual 

emotions even when enumerating the "_agents provocateurs_."[274] 

 

The influence of fear is not denied by Breuer and Freud, but they have 

found that careful psychic analysis frequently shows that the shock of a 

commonplace "fear" is really rooted in a lesion of the sexual emotions. A 

typical and very simple illustration is furnished in a case, recorded by 

Breuer, in which a young girl of seventeen had her first hysterical attack 

after a cat sprang on her shoulders as she was going downstairs. Careful 

investigation showed that this girl had been the object of somewhat ardent 

attentions from a young man whose advances she had resisted, although her 

own sexual emotions had been aroused. A few days before, she had been 

surprised by this young man on these same dark stairs, and had forcibly 

escaped from his hands. Here was the real psychic traumatism, the 

operation of which merely became manifest in the cat. "But in how many 

cases," asks Breuer, "is a cat thus reckoned as a completely sufficient 

_causa efficiens_?" 

 

In every case that they have investigated Breuer and Freud have found some 

similar secret lesion of the psychic sexual sphere. In one case a 

governess, whose training has been severely upright, is, in spite of 

herself and without any encouragement, led to experience for the father of 

the children under her care an affection which she refuses to acknowledge 

even to herself; in another, a young woman finds herself falling in love 

with her brother-in-law; again, an innocent girl suddenly discovers her 

uncle in the act of sexual intercourse with her playmate, and a boy on his 

way home from school is subjected to the coarse advances of a sexual 

invert. In nearly every case, as Freud eventually found reason to believe, 

a primary lesion of the sexual emotions dates from the period of puberty 


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