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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

and frequently of childhood, and in nearly every case the intimately 

private nature of the lesion causes it to be carefully hidden from 

everyone, and even to be unacknowledged by the subject of it. In the 

earlier cases Breuer and Freud found that a slight degree of hypnosis is 

necessary to bring the lesion into consciousness, and the accuracy of the 

revelations thus obtained has been tested by independent witness. Freud 

has, however, long abandoned the induction of any degree of hypnosis; he 

simply tries to arrange that the patient shall feel absolutely free to 

tell her own story, and so proceeds from the surface downwards, slowly 

finding and piecing together such essential fragments of the history as 

may be recovered, in the same way he remarks, as the archaeologist 

excavates below the surface and recovers and puts together the fragments 

of an antique statue. Much of the material found, however, has only a 

symbolic value requiring interpretation and is sometimes pure fantasy. 

Freud now attaches great importance to dreams as symbolically representing 

much in the subject's mental history which is otherwise difficult to 

reach.[275] The subtle and slender clues which Freud frequently follows in 

interpreting dreams cannot fail sometimes to arouse doubt in his readers' 

minds, but he certainly seems to have been often successful in thus 

reaching latent facts in consciousness. The primary lesion may thus act as 

"a foreign body in consciousness." Something is introduced into psychic 

life which refuses to merge in the general flow of consciousness. It 

cannot be accepted simply as other facts of life are accepted; it cannot 

even be talked about, and so submitted to the slow usure by which our 

experiences are worn down and gradually transformed. Breuer illustrates 

what happens by reference to the sneezing reflex. "When an irritation to 

the nasal mucous membrane for some reason fails to liberate this reflex, 

a feeling of excitement and tension arises. This excitement, being unable 

to stream out along motor channels, now spreads itself over the brain, 

inhibiting other activities.... _In the highest spheres of human activity 

we may watch the same process_." It is a result of this process that, as 

Breuer and Freud found, the mere act of confession may greatly relieve the 

hysterical symptoms produced by this psychic mechanism, and in some cases 

may wholly and permanently remove them. It is on this fact that they 

founded their method of treatment, devised by Breuer and by him termed the 

cathartic method, though Freud prefers to call it the "analytic" method. 

It is, as Freud points out, the reverse of the hypnotic method of 

suggestive treatment; there is the same difference, Freud remarks, between 

the two methods as Leonardo da Vinci found for the two technical methods 

of art, _per via di porre_ and _per via di levare_; the hypnotic method, 

like painting, works by putting in, the cathartic or analytic method, like 

sculpture, works by taking out.[276] 

 

It is part of the mechanism of this process, as understood by these 

authors, that the physical symptoms of hysteria are constituted, by a 

process of conversion, out of the injured emotions, which then sink into 

the background or altogether out of consciousness. Thus, they found the 

prolonged tension of nursing a near and dear relative to be a very 

frequent factor in the production of hysteria. For instance, an originally 


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