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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

 

 

The real merit of Freud's subtle investigations is that--while possibly 

furnishing a justification of the imperfectly-understood idea that had 

floated in the mind of observers ever since the name "hysteria" was first 

invented--he has certainly supplied a definite psychic explanation of a 

psychic malady. He has succeeded in presenting clearly, at the expense of 

much labor, insight, and sympathy, a dynamic view of the psychic processes 

involved in the constitution of the hysterical state, and such a view 

seems to show that the physical symptoms laboriously brought to light by 

Charcot are largely but epiphenomena and by-products of an emotional 

process, often of tragic significance to the subject, which is taking 

place in the most sensitive recess of the psychic organism. That the 

picture of the mechanism involved, presented to us by Professor Freud, 

cannot be regarded as a final and complete account of the matter, may 

readily be admitted. It has developed in Freud's own hands, and some of 

the developments will require very considerable confirmation before they 

can be accepted as generally true.[282] But these investigations have at 

least served to open the door, which Charcot had inconsistently held 

closed, into the deeper mysteries of hysteria, and have shown that here, 

if anywhere, further research will be profitable. They have also served to 

show that hysteria may be definitely regarded as, in very many cases at 

least, a manifestation of the sexual emotions and their lesions; in other 

words, a transformation of auto-erotism. 

 

The conception of hysteria so vigorously enforced by Charcot and his 

school is thus now beginning to appear incomplete. But we have to 

recognize that that incompleteness was right and necessary. A strong 

reaction was needed against a widespread view of hysteria that was in 

large measure scientifically false. It was necessary to show clearly that 

hysteria is a definite disorder, even when the sexual organs and emotions 

are swept wholly out of consideration; and it was also necessary to show 

that the lying and dissimulation so widely attributed to the hysterical 

were merely the result of an ignorant and unscientific misinterpretation 

of psychic elements of the disease. This was finally and triumphantly 

achieved by Charcot's school. 

 

There is only one other point in the explanation of hysteria which I will 

here refer to, and that because it is usually ignored, and because it has 

relationship to the general psychology of the sexual emotions. I refer to 

that physiological hysteria which is the normal counterpart of the 

pathological hysteria which has been described in its physical details by 

Charcot, and to which alone the term should strictly be applied. Even 

though hysteria as a disease may be described as one and indivisible, 

there are yet to be found, among the ordinary and fairly healthy 

population, vague and diffused hysteroid symptoms which are dissipated in 

a healthy environment, or pass nearly unnoted, only to develop in a small 

proportion of cases, under the influence of a more pronounced heredity, or 

a severe physical or psychic lesion, into that definite morbid state which 

is properly called hysteria. 

 

This diffused hysteroid condition may be illustrated by the results of a 

psychological investigation carried on in America by Miss Gertrude Stein 

among the ordinary male and female students of Harvard University and 

Radcliffe College. The object of the investigation was to study, with the 


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