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dans l'Art_, 1889.
 Glafira Abricosoff, of Moscow, in her Paris thesis, _L'Hysterie aux
xvii et xviii siecles_, 1897, presents a summary of the various views held
at this time; as also Gilles de la Tourette, _Traite de l'Hysterie_, vol.
i, Chapter I.
 _Edinburgh Medical Journal_, June, 1883, p. 1123, and _Mental
Diseases_, 1887, p. 488.
 Hegar, _Zusammenhang der Geschlechtskrankheiten mit nervoesen
Leiden_, Stuttgart, 1885. (Hegar, however, went much further than this,
and was largely responsible for the surgical treatment of hysteria now
generally recognized as worse than futile.) Balls-Headley, "Etiology of
Nervous Diseases of the Female Genital Organs," Allbutt and Playfair,
_System of Gynecology_, 1896, p. 141.
 Lombroso and Ferrero, _La Donna Delinquente_, 1893, pp. 613-14.
 Charcot and Marie, article on "Hysteria," Tuke's _Dictionary of
 Axenfeld and Huchard, _Traite des Nevroses_, 1883, pp. 1092-94.
Icard (_La Femme pendant la Periode Menstruelle_, pp. 120-21) has also
referred to recorded cases of hysteria in animals (Coste's and Peter's
cases), as has Gilles de la Tourette (op. cit., vol. i, p. 123). See also,
for references, Fere, _L'Instinct Sexuel_, p. 59.
 _Man and Woman_, 4th ed., p. 326. A distinguished gynaecologist,
Matthews Duncan, had remarked some years earlier (_Lancet_, May 18, 1889)
that hysteria, though not a womb disease, "especially attaches itself to
the generative system, because the genital system, more than any other,
exerts emotional power over the individual, power also in morals, power in
 Gilles de la Tourette, _Archives de Tocologie et de Gynecologie_,
 _Rivista Sperimentale di Freniatria_, 1897, p. 290; summarized in
the _Journal of Mental Science_, January, 1898.
 From the earliest times it was held that menstruation favors
hysteria; more recently, Landouzy recorded a number of observations
showing that hysterical attacks coincide with perfectly healthy
menstruation; while Ball has maintained that it is only during
menstruation that hysteria appears in its true color. See the opinions
collected by Icard, _La Femme pendant la Periode Menstruelle_, pp. 75-81.
 Krafft-Ebing, "Ueber Neurosen und Psychosen durch Sexuelle
Abstinenz," _Jahrbuecher fuer Psychiatrie_, vol. iii, 1888. It must,
however, be added that the relief of hysteria by sexual satisfaction is
not rare, and that Rosenthal finds that the convulsions are thus
diminished. (_Allgemeine Wiener Medizinal-Zeitung_, Nos. 46 and 47, 1887.)
So they are also, in simple and uncomplicated cases, according to Mongeri,
 "All doctors who have patients in convents," remarks Marro (_La
Puberta_, p. 338), "know how hysteria dominates among them;" he adds that
his own experience confirms that of Raciborski, who found that nuns
devoted to the contemplative life are more liable to hysteria than those
who are occupied in teaching or in nursing. It must be added, however,
that there is not unanimity as to the prevalence of hysteria in convents.
Brachet was of the same opinion as Briquet, and so considered it rare.
Imbert-Goubeyre, also (_La Stigmatisation_, p. 436) states that during
more than forty years of medical life, though he has been connected with a
number of religious communities, he has not found in them a single
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