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Table of contents
GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

III. 

 

The Prevalence of Masturbation--Its Occurrence in Infancy and 

Childhood--Is it More Frequent in Males or Females?--After Adolescence 

Apparently more Frequent in Women--Reasons for the Sexual Distribution of 

Masturbation--The Alleged Evils of Masturbation--Historical Sketch of the 

Views Held on This Point--The Symptoms and Results of Masturbation--Its 

Alleged Influence in Causing Eye Disorders--Its Relation to Insanity and 

Nervous Disorders--The Evil Effects of Masturbation Usually Occur on the 

Basis of a Congenitally Morbid Nervous System--Neurasthenia Probably the 

Commonest Accompaniment of Excessive Masturbation--Precocious Masturbation 

Tends to Produce Aversion to Coitus--Psychic Results of Habitual 

Masturbation--Masturbation in Men of Genius--Masturbation as a Nervous 

Sedative--Typical Cases--The Greek Attitude toward Masturbation--Attitude 

of the Catholic Theologians--The Mohammedan Attitude--The Modern 

Scientific Attitude--In What Sense is Masturbation Normal?--The Immense 

Part in Life Played by Transmuted Auto-erotic Phenomena. 

 

 

The foregoing sketch will serve to show how vast is the field of life--of 

normal and not merely abnormal life--more or less infused by auto-erotic 

phenomena. If, however, we proceed to investigate precisely the exact 

extent, degree, and significance of such phenomena, we are met by many 

difficulties. We find, indeed, that no attempts have been made to study 

auto-erotic phenomena, except as regards the group--a somewhat artificial 

group, as I have already tried to show--collected under the term 

"masturbation" while even here such attempts have only been made among 

abnormal classes of people, or have been conducted in a manner scarcely 

likely to yield reliable results.[289] Still there is a certain 

significance in the more careful investigations which have been made to 

ascertain the precise frequency of masturbation. 

 

Berger, an experienced specialist in nervous diseases, concluded, in his 

_Vorlesungen_, that 99 per cent. of young men and women masturbate 

occasionally, while the hundredth conceals the truth;[290] and Hermann 

Cohn appears to accept this statement as generally true in Germany. So 

high an estimate has, of course, been called in question, and, since it 

appears to rest on no basis of careful investigation, we need not 

seriously consider it. It is useless to argue on suppositions; we must 

cling to our definite evidence, even though it yields figures which are 

probably below the mark. Rohleder considers that during adolescence at 

least 95 per cent. of both sexes masturbate, but his figures are not 

founded on precise investigation.[291] Julian Marcuse, on the basis of his 

own statistics, concludes that 92 per cent. male individuals have to some 

extent masturbated in youth. Perhaps, also, weight attaches to the opinion 

of Dukes, physician to Rugby School, who states that from 90 to 95 per 

cent. of all boys at boarding school masturbate.[292] Seerley, of 

Springfield, Mass., found that of 125 academic students only 8 assured him 

they had never masturbated; while of 347, who answered his questions, 71 

denied that they practiced masturbation, which seems to imply that 79 per 

cent. admitted that they practiced it.[293] Brockman, also in America, 

among 232 theological students, of the average age of 231/2 years and coming 

from various parts of the United States, found that 132 spontaneously 

admitted that masturbation was their most serious temptation and all but 


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