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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

In parts of West Africa, between the Niger and the Gaboon 

(especially on the Cameroon River, at Old Calabar, and in the 

Niger Delta), it is, or was, customary for young women to go 

about completely nude before they were married. In Swaziland, 

until quite recently, unmarried women and very often matrons went 

stark naked. Even amongst the prudish Baganda, who made it a 

punishable offense for a man to expose any part of his leg above 

the knee, the wives of the King would attend at his Court 

perfectly naked. Among the Kavirondo, all unmarried girls are 

completely nude, and although women who have become mothers are 

supposed to wear a tiny covering before and behind, they very 

often completely neglect to do so when in their own villages. 

Yet, as a general rule, among the Nile Negroes, and still more 

markedly among the Hamites and people of Masai stock, the women 

are particular about concealing the pudenda, whereas the men are 

ostentatiously naked. The Baganda hold nudity in the male to be 

such an abhorrent thing that for centuries they have referred 

with scorn and disgust to the Nile Negroes as the 'naked people.' 

Male nudity extends northwest to within some 200 miles of 

Khartum, or, in fact, wherever the Nile Negroes of the 

Dinka-Acholi stock inhabit the country." (Sir H.H. Johnston, 

_Uganda Protectorate_, vol. ii, pp. 669-672.) 

 

Among the Nilotic Ja-luo, Johnston states that "unmarried men go 

naked. Married men who have children wear a small piece of goat 

skin, which, though quite inadequate for purposes of decency, is, 

nevertheless, a very important thing in etiquette, for a married 

man with a child must on no account call on his mother-in-law 

without wearing this piece of goat's skin. To call on her in a 

state of absolute nudity would be regarded as a serious insult, 

only to be atoned for by the payment of goats. Even if under the 

new dispensation he wears European trousers, he must have a piece 

of goat's skin underneath. Married women wear a tail of strings 

behind." It is very bad manners for a woman to serve food to her 

husband without putting on this tail. (Sir H.H. Johnston, _Uganda 

Protectorate_, vol. ii, p. 781.) 

 

Mrs. French-Sheldon remarks that the Masai and other East African 

tribes, with regard to menstruation, "observe the greatest 

delicacy, and are more than modest." (_Journal of the 

Anthropological Institute_, 1894, p. 383.) 

 

At the same time the Masai, among whom the penis is of enormous 

size, consider it disreputable to conceal that member, and in the 

highest degree reputable to display it, even ostentatiously. (Sir 

H.H. Johnston, _Kilima-njaro Expedition_, p. 413.) 

 

Among the African Dinka, who are scrupulously clean and delicate 

(smearing themselves with burnt cows' dung, and washing 

themselves daily with cows' urine), and are exquisite cooks, 

reaching in many respects a higher stage of civilization, in 

Schweinfurth's opinion, than is elsewhere attained in Africa, 

only the women wear aprons. The neighboring tribes of the red 

soil--Bongo, Mittoo, Niam-Niam, etc.--are called "women" by the 

Dinka, because among these tribes the men wear an apron, while 

the women obstinately refuse to wear any clothes whatsoever of 

skin or stuff, going into the woods every day, however, to get a 


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