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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

some cases there was photophobia, and he has also found paralysis of 

accommodation and conjunctivitis. At a later date Salmo Cohn, in his 

comprehensive monograph on the relationship between the eye and the sexual 

organs in women, brought together numerous cases of eye troubles in young 

women associated with masturbation, but in most of these cases 

masturbation had been practiced with great frequency for a long period and 

the ocular affections were usually not serious.[319] In England, Power has 

investigated the relations of the sexual system to eye disease. He is 

inclined to think that the effects of masturbation have been exaggerated, 

but he believes that it may produce such for the most part trivial 

complaints as photopsisae, muscsae, muscular asthenopia, possibly 

blepharospasm, and perhaps conjunctivitis. He goes on, however, to point 

out that more serious complaints of the eye are caused by excess in normal 

coitus, by sexual abstinence, and especially by disordered menstruation. 

Thus we see that even when we are considering a mechanism so delicately 

poised and one so easily disturbed by any jar of the system as vision, 

masturbation produces no effect except when carried to an extent which 

argues a hereditarily imperfect organism, while even in these cases the 

effects are usually but slight, moreover, in no respect specific, but are 

paralleled and even exceeded by the results of other disturbances of the 

sexual system. 

 

Let us turn to the supposed influence of masturbation in causing insanity 

and nervous diseases. Here we may chiefly realize the immense influence 

exerted on medical science by Tissot and his followers during a hundred 

years. Mental weakness is the cause and not the result of excessive 

masturbation, Gall declared,[320] but he was a man of genius, in 

isolation. Sir William Ellis, an alienist of considerable reputation at 

the beginning of the last century, could write with scientific equanimity: 

"I have no hesitation in saying that, in a very large number of patients 

in all public asylums, the disease may be attributed to that cause." He 

does, indeed, admit that it may be only a symptom sometimes, but goes on 

to assert that masturbation "has not hitherto been exhibited in the awful 

light in which it deserves to be shown," and that "in by far the greater 

number of cases" it is the true cause of dementia.[321] Esquirol lent his 

name and influence to a similar view of the pernicious influence of 

masturbation. Throughout the century, even down to the present day, this 

point of view has been traditionally preserved in a modified form. In 

apparent ignorance of the enormous prevalence of masturbation, and 

without, so far as can be seen, any attempt to distinguish between cause 

and effect or to eliminate the hereditary neuropathic element, many 

alienists have set down a large proportion of cases of insanity, idiocy, 

epilepsy, and disease of the spinal cord to uncomplicated masturbation. 

Thus, at the Matteawan State Hospital (New York) for criminal lunatics and 

insane prisoners, from 1875 to 1907, masturbation was the sole assigned 

cause of insanity in 160 men (out of 2,595); while, according to Dr. Clara 

Barrus, among 121 cases of insanity in young women, masturbation is the 

cause in ten cases.[322] It is unnecessary to multiply examples, for this 

traditional tendency is familiar to all. 

 

It appears to have been largely due to Griesinger, in the middle of the 


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