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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

last century, that we owe the first authoritative appearance of a saner, 

more discriminating view regarding the results of masturbation. Although 

still to some extent fettered by the traditions prevalent in his day, 

Griesinger saw that it was not so much masturbation itself as the feelings 

aroused in sensitive minds by the social attitude toward masturbation 

which produced evil effects. "That constant struggle," he wrote, "against 

a desire which is even overpowering, and to which the individual always in 

the end succumbs, that hidden strife between shame, repentance, good 

intentions, and the irritation which impels to the act, this, after not a 

little acquaintance with onanists, we consider to be far more important 

than the primary direct physical effect." He added that there are no 

specific signs of masturbation, and concluded that it is oftener a symptom 

than a cause. The general progress of educated opinions since that date 

has, in the main, confirmed and carried forward the results cautiously 

stated by Griesinger. This distinguished alienist thought that, when 

practiced in childhood, masturbation might lead to insanity. Berkhan, in 

his investigation of the psychoses of childhood, found that in no single 

case was masturbation a cause. Vogel, Uffelmann, and Emminghaus, in the 

course of similar studies, have all come to almost similar 

conclusions.[323] It is only on a congenitally morbid nervous system, 

Emminghaus insists, that masturbation can produce any serious results. 

"Most of the cases charged to masturbation," writes Kiernan (in a private 

letter), basing his opinion on wide clinical experience, "are either 

hebephrenia or hysteria in which an effect is taken for the cause." 

Christian, during twenty years' experience in hospitals, asylums, and 

private practice in town and country, has not found any seriously evil 

effects from masturbation.[324] He thinks, indeed, that it may be a more 

serious evil in women than in men. But Yellowlees considers that in women 

"it is possibly less exhausting and injurious than in the other sex," 

which was also the opinion of Hammond, as well as of Guttceit, though he 

found that women pushed the practice much further than men, and Naecke, who 

has given special attention to this point, could not find that 

masturbation is a definite cause of insanity in women in a single 

case.[325] Koch also reaches a similar conclusion, as regards both sexes, 

though he admits that masturbation may cause some degree of psychopathic 

deterioration. Even in this respect, however, he points out that "when 

practiced in moderation it is not injurious in the certain and 

exceptionless way in which it is believed to be in many circles. It is the 

people whose nervous systems are already injured who masturbate most 

easily and practice it more immoderately than others"; the chief source of 

its evil is self-reproach and the struggle with the impulse.[326] 

Kahlbaum, it is true, under the influence of the older tradition, when he 

erected katatonia into a separate disorder (not always accepted in later 

times), regarded prolonged and excessive masturbation as a chief cause, 

but I am not aware that he ever asserted that it was a sole and sufficient 

cause in a healthy organism. Kiernan, one of the earliest writers on 

katatonia, was careful to point out that masturbation was probably as much 

effect as cause of the morbid nervous condition.[327] Maudsley (in _Body 


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