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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

and Mind_) recognized masturbation as a special exciting cause of a 

characteristic form of insanity; but he cautiously added: "Nevertheless, I 

think that self-abuse seldom, if ever, produces it without the 

co-operation of the insane neurosis."[328] Schuele also recognized a 

specific masturbatory insanity, but the general tendency to reject any 

such nosological form is becoming marked; Krafft-Ebing long since rejected 

it and Naecke decidedly opposes it. Kraepelin states that excessive 

masturbation can only occur in a dangerous degree in predisposed 

subjects; so, also, Forel and Loewenfeld, as at an earlier period, 

Trousseau.[329] It is true that Marro, in his admirable and detailed study 

of the normal and abnormal aspects of puberty, accepts a form of 

masturbatory insanity; but the only illustrative case he brings forward is 

a young man possessing various stigmata of degeneracy and the son of an 

alcoholic father; such a case tells us nothing regarding the results of 

simple masturbation.[330] Even Spitzka, who maintained several years ago 

the traditional views as to the terrible results of masturbation, and 

recognized a special "insanity of masturbation," stated his conclusions 

with a caution that undermined his position: "Self-abuse," he concluded, 

"to become a sole cause of insanity, must be begun early and carried very 

far. In persons of sound antecedents it rarely, under these circumstances, 

suffices to produce an actual vesania."[331] When we remember that there 

is no convincing evidence to show that masturbation is "begun early and 

carried very far" by "persons of sound antecedents," the significance of 

Spitzka's "typical psychosis of masturbation" is somewhat annulled. It is 

evident that these distinguished investigators, Marro and Spitzka, have 

been induced by tradition to take up a position which their own scientific 

consciences have compelled them practically to evacuate. 

 

Recent authorities are almost unanimous in rejecting masturbation 

as a cause of insanity. Thus, Rohleder, in his comprehensive 

monograph (_Die Masturbation_, 1899, pp. 185-92), although taking 

a very serious view of the evil results of masturbation, points 

out the unanimity which is now tending to prevail on this point, 

and lays it down that "masturbation is never the direct cause of 

insanity." Sexual excesses of any kind, he adds (following 

Curschmann), can, at the most, merely give an impetus to a latent 

form of insanity. On the whole, he concludes, the best 

authorities are unanimous in agreeing that masturbation may 

certainly injure mental capacity, by weakening memory and 

depressing intellectual energy; that, further, in hereditarily 

neurotic subjects, it may produce slight psychoses like _folie du 

doute_, hypochondria, hysteria; that, finally, under no 

circumstances can it produce severe psychoses like paranoia or 

general paralysis. "If it caused insanity, as often as some 

claim," as Kellogg remarks, "the whole race would long since have 

passed into masturbatic degeneracy of mind.... It is especially 

injurious in the very young, and in all who have weak nervous 

systems," but "the physical traits attributed to the habit are 

common to thousands of neurasthenic and neurotic individuals." 

(Kellogg, _A Text-book of Mental Diseases_, 1897, pp. 94-95.) 

Again, at the outset of the article on "Masturbation," in Tuke's 


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