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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

 

While these authorities are doubtless justified in refusing to ascribe to 

masturbation any part in the production of psychic or nervous diseases, it 

seems to me that they are going somewhat beyond their province when they 

assert that masturbation has no more injurious effect than coitus. If 

sexual coitus were a purely physiological phenomenon, this position would 

be sound. But the sexual orgasm is normally bound up with a mass of 

powerful emotions aroused by a person of the opposite sex. It is in the 

joy caused by the play of these emotions, as well as in the discharge of 

the sexual orgasm, that the satisfaction of coitus resides. In the absence 

of the desired partner the orgasm, whatever relief it may give, must be 

followed by a sense of dissatisfaction, perhaps of depression, even of 

exhaustion, often of shame and remorse. The same remark has since been 

made by Stanley Hall.[335] Practically, also, as John Hunter pointed out, 

there is more probability of excess in masturbation than in coitus. 

Whether, as some have asserted, masturbation involves a greater nervous 

effort than coitus is more doubtful.[336] It thus seems somewhat 

misleading to assert that masturbation has no more injurious effect than 

coitus.[337] 

 

 

Reviewing the general question of the supposed grave symptoms and signs 

of masturbation, and its pernicious results, we may reach the conclusion 

that in the case of moderate masturbation in healthy, well-born 

individuals, no seriously pernicious results necessarily follow.[338] With 

regard to the general signs, we may accept, as concerns both sexes, what 

the Obstetrical and Gynecological Society of Berlin decided in 1861, in a 

discussion of it in women, that there are none which can be regarded as 

reliable.[339] 

 

 

 

We may conclude finally, with Clouston, that the opposing views on the 

subject may be simply explained by the fact that the writers on both sides 

have ignored or insufficiently recognized the influence of heredity and 

temperament. They have done precisely what so many unscientific writers on 

inebriety have continued to do unto the present day, when describing the 

terrible results of alcohol without pointing out that the chief factor in 

such cases has not been the alcohol, but the organization on which the 

alcohol acted. Excess may act, according to the familiar old-fashioned 

adage, like the lighted match. But we must always remember the obvious 

truth, that it makes a considerable difference whether you threw your 

lighted match into a powder magazine or into the sea. 

 

While we may thus dismiss the extravagant views widely held during the 

past century, concerning the awful results of masturbation, as due to 

ignorance and false tradition, it must be pointed out that, even in 

healthy or moderately healthy individuals, any excess in solitary 

self-excitement may still produce results which, though slight, are yet 

harmful. The skin, digestion, and circulation may all be disordered; 

headache and neuralgia may occur; and, as in normal sexual excess or in 

undue frequency of sexual excitement during sleep, there is a certain 

general lowering of nervous tone. Probably the most important of the 

comparatively frequent results--though this also arises usually on a 

somewhat morbid soil--is neurasthenia with its manifold symptoms. There 

can be little doubt that the ancient belief, dating from the time of 

Hippocrates, that sexual excesses produce spinal disease, as well as the 


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