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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

mature adult life. I am fairly certain that in many women, often highly 

intellectual women, the precocious excess in masturbation has been a main 

cause, not necessarily the sole efficient cause, in producing a divorce in 

later life between the physical sensuous impulses and the ideal emotions. 

The sensuous impulse having been evolved and perverted before the 

manifestation of the higher emotion, the two groups of feelings have 

become divorced for the whole of life. This is a common source of much 

personal misery and family unhappiness, though at the same time the clash 

of contending impulses may lead to a high development of moral character. 

When early masturbation is a factor in producing sexual inversion it 

usually operates in the manner I have here indicated, the repulsion for 

normal coitus helping to furnish a soil on which the inverted impulse may 

develop unimpeded. 

 

This point has not wholly escaped previous observers, though they 

do not seem to have noted its psychological mechanism. Tissot 

stated that masturbation causes an aversion to marriage. More 

recently, Loiman ("Ueber Onanismus beim Weibe," _Therapeutische 

Monatshefte_, April, 1890) considered that masturbation in women, 

leading to a perversion of sexual feeling, including inability to 

find satisfaction in coitus, affects the associated centres. 

Smith Baker, again ("The Neuropsychical Element in Conjugal 

Aversion," _Journal of Nervous and Mental Disease_, September, 

1892), finds that a "source of marital aversion seems to lie in 

the fact that substitution of mechanical and iniquitous 

excitations affords more thorough satisfaction than the mutual 

legitimate ones do," and gives cases in point. Savill, also, who 

believes that masturbation is more common in women than is 

usually supposed, regards dyspareunia, or pain in coition, as one 

of the signs of the habit. 

 

Masturbation in women thus becomes, as Raymond and Janet point 

out (_Les Obsessions_, vol. ii, p. 307) a frequent cause of 

sexual frigidity in marriage. These authors illustrate the train 

of evils which may thus be set up, by the case of a lady, 26 

years of age, a normal woman, of healthy family, who, at the age 

of 15, was taught by a servant to masturbate. At the age of 18 

she married. She loved her husband, but she had no sexual 

feelings in coitus, and she continued to masturbate, sometimes 

several times a day, without evil consequences. At 24 she had to 

go into a hospital for floating kidney, and was so obliged to 

stop masturbating. She here accidentally learnt of the evil 

results attributed to the habit. She resolved not to do it again, 

and she kept her resolution. But while still in hospital she fell 

wildly in love with a man. To escape from the constant thought of 

this man, she sought relations with her husband, and at times 

masturbated, but now it no longer gave her pleasure. She wished 

to give up sexual things altogether. But that was easier said 

than done. She became subject to nervous crises, often brought on 

by the sight of a man, and accompanied by sexual excitement. They 

disappeared under treatment, and she thereupon became entirely 

frigid sexually. But, far from being happy, she has lost all 

energy and interest in life, and it is her sole desire to attain 

the sexual feelings she has lost. Adler considers that even when 


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