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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

be agreeable, but in every ocean and under the reeds of every river, 

myriads of beings would protest."[349] Tillier remarks that since 

masturbation appears to be universal among the higher animals we are not 

entitled to regard it as a vice; it has only been so considered because 

studied exclusively by physicians under abnormal conditions.[350] Hirth, 

while asserting that masturbation must be strongly repressed in the young, 

regards it as a desirable method of relief for adults, and especially, 

under some circumstances, for women.[351] Venturi, a well-known Italian 

alienist, on the other hand, regards masturbation as strictly 

physiological in youth; it is the normal and natural passage toward the 

generous and healthy passion of early manhood; it only becomes abnormal 

and vicious, he holds, when continued into adult life. 

 

The appearance of masturbation at puberty, Venturi considers, "is 

a moment in the course of the development of the function of that 

organ which is the necessary instrument of sexuality." It finds 

its motive in the satisfaction of an organic need having much 

analogy with that which arises from the tickling of a very 

sensitive cutaneous surface. In this masturbation of early 

adolescence lies, according to Venturi, the germ of what will 

later be love: a pleasure of the body and of the spirit, 

following the relief of a satisfied need. "As the youth develops, 

onanism becomes a sexual act comparable to coitus as a dream is 

comparable to reality, imagery forming in correspondence with the 

desires. In its fully developed form in adolescence," Venturi 

continues, "masturbation has an almost hallucinatory character; 

onanism at this period psychically approximates to the true 

sexual act, and passes insensibly into it. If, however, continued 

on into adult age, it becomes morbid, passing into erotic 

fetichism; what in the inexperienced youth is the natural 

auxiliary and stimulus to imagination, in the degenerate onanist 

of adult age is a sign of arrested development. Thus, onanism," 

the author concludes, "is not always a vice such as is fiercely 

combated by educators and moralists. It is the natural transition 

by which we reach the warm and generous love of youth, and, in 

natural succession to this, the tranquil, positive, matrimonial 

love of the mature man." (Silvio Venturi, _Le Degenerazioni 

Psico-sessuale_, 1892, pp. 6-9.) 

 

It may be questioned whether this view is acceptable even for the 

warm climate of the south of Europe, where the impulses of 

sexuality are undoubtedly precocious. It is certainly not in 

harmony with general experience and opinion in the north; this is 

well expressed in the following passage by Edward Carpenter 

(_International Journal of Ethics_, July, 1899): "After all, 

purity (in the sense of continence) _is_ of the first importance 

to boyhood. To prolong the period of continence in a boy's life 

is to prolong the period of _growth_. This is a simple 

physiological law, and a very obvious one; and, whatever other 

things may be said in favor of purity, it remains, perhaps, the 

most weighty. To introduce sensual and sexual habits--and one of 

the worst of them is self-abuse--at an early age, is to arrest 

growth, both physical and mental. And what is even more, it means 

to arrest the capacity for affection. All experience shows that 


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