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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

the early outlet toward sex cheapens and weakens affectional 

capacity." 

 

I do not consider that we can decide the precise degree in which 

masturbation may fairly be called normal so long as we take masturbation 

by itself. We are thus, in conclusion, brought back to the point which I 

sought to emphasize at the outset: masturbation belongs to a group of 

auto-erotic phenomena. From one point of view it may be said that all 

auto-erotic phenomena are unnatural, since the natural aim of the sexual 

impulse is sexual conjunction, and all exercise of that impulse outside 

such conjunction is away from the end of Nature. But we do not live in a 

state of Nature which answers to such demands; all our life is 

"unnatural." And as soon as we begin to restrain the free play of sexual 

impulse toward sexual ends, at once auto-erotic phenomena inevitably 

spring up on every side. There is no end to them; it is impossible to say 

what finest elements in art, in morals, in civilization generally, may not 

really be rooted in an auto-erotic impulse. "Without a certain overheating 

of the sexual system," said Nietzsche, "we could not have a Raphael." 

Auto-erotic phenomena are inevitable. It is our wisest course to recognize 

this inevitableness of sexual and transmuted sexual manifestations under 

the perpetual restraints of civilized life, and, while avoiding any 

attitude of excessive indulgence or indifference,[352] to avoid also any 

attitude of excessive horror, for our horror not only leads to the facts 

being effectually veiled from our sight, but itself serves to manufacture 

artificially a greater evil than that which we seek to combat. 

The sexual impulse is not, as some have imagined, the sole root of the 

most massive human emotions, the most brilliant human aptitudes,--of 

sympathy, of art, of religion. In the complex human organism, where all 

the parts are so many-fibred and so closely interwoven, no great 

manifestation can be reduced to one single source. But it largely enters 

into and molds all of these emotions and aptitudes, and that by virtue of 

its two most peculiar characteristics: it is, in the first place, the 

deepest and most volcanic of human impulses, and, in the second 

place,--unlike the only other human impulse with which it can be compared, 

the nutritive impulse,--it can, to a large extent, be transmuted into a 

new force capable of the strangest and most various uses. So that in the 

presence of all these manifestations we may assert that in a real sense, 

though subtly mingled with very diverse elements, auto-erotism everywhere 

plays its part. In the phenomena of auto-erotism, when we take a broad 

view of those phenomena, we are concerned, not with a form of insanity, 

not necessarily with a form of depravity, but with the inevitable 

by-products of that mighty process on which the animal creation rests. 


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