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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

the morbid fear of the eyes of others. 

 

[341] It is especially an undesirable tendency of masturbation, that it 

deadens the need for affection, and merely eludes, instead of satisfying, 

the sexual impulse. "Masturbation," as Godfrey well says (_The Science of 

Sex_, p. 178), "though a manifestation of sexual activity, is not a sexual 

act in the higher, or even in the real fundamental sense. For sex implies 

duality, a characteristic to which masturbation can plainly lay no claim. 

The physical, moral, and mental reciprocity which gives stability and 

beauty to a normal sexual intimacy, are as foreign to the masturbator as 

to the celibate. In a sense, therefore, masturbation is as complete a 

negative of the sexual life as chastity itself. It is, therefore, an 

evasion of, not an answer to, the sexual problem; and it will ever remain 

so, no matter how surely we may be convinced of its physical 

harmlessness." 

 

[342] "I learnt that dangerous supplement," Rousseau tells us (Part I, Bk. 

III), "which deceives Nature. This vice, which bashfulness and timidity 

find so convenient, has, moreover, a great attraction for lively 

imaginations, for it enables them to do what they will, so to speak, with 

the whole fair sex, and to enjoy at pleasure the beauty who attracts them, 

without having obtained her consent." 

 

[343] "Ich hatte sie wirklich verloren, und die Tollheit, mit der ich 

meinen Fehler an mir selbst raechte, indem ich auf mancherlei unsinnige 

Weise in meine physische Natur sturmte, um der sittlichen etwas zu Leide 

zu thun, hat sehr viel zu den koerperlichen Uebeln beigetragen, unter denen 

ich einige der besten Jahre meines Lebens verlor; ja ich waere vielleicht 

an diesem Verlust vollig zu Grunde gegangen, haette sich hier nicht das 

poetische Talent mit seinen Heilkraften besonders huelfreich erwiesen." 

This is scarcely conclusive, and it may be added that there were many 

reasons why Goethe should have suffered physically at this time, quite 

apart from masturbation. See, e.g., Bielschowsky, _Life of Goethe_, vol. 

i, p. 88. 

 

[344] _Les Obsessions_, vol. ii, p. 136. 

 

[345] A somewhat similar classification has already been made by Max 

Dessoir, who points out that we must distinguish between onanists _aus 

Noth_, and onanists _aus Leidenschaft_, the latter group alone being of 

really serious importance. The classification of Dallemagne is also 

somewhat similar; he distinguishes _onanie par impulsion_, occurring in 

mental degeneration and in persons of inferior intelligence, from _onanie 

par evocation ou obsession_. 

 

[346] W. Xavier Sudduth, "A Study in the Psycho-physics of Masturbation," 

_Chicago Medical Recorder_, March, 1898. Haig, who reaches a similar 

conclusion, has sought to find its precise mechanism in the 

blood-pressure. "As the sexual act produces lower and falling 

blood-pressure," he remarks, "it will of necessity relieve conditions 

which are due to high and rising blood-pressure, such, for instance, as 

mental depression and bad temper; and, unless my observation deceives me, 

we have here a connection between conditions of high blood-pressure with 

mental and bodily depression and acts of masturbation, for this act will 

relieve these conditions and tend to be practiced for this purpose." 

(_Uric Acid_, 6th edition, p. 154.) 

 

[347] Northcote discusses the classic attitude towards masturbation, 

_Christianity and Sex Problems_, p. 233. 


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