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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

always worn a loin-cloth], a practice which lasted until quite 

lately, and still persists among barbarians, especially those of 

Asia, where the combatants at boxing and wrestling matches wear 

girdles." (Thucydides, _History_, Book I, Chapter VI.) 

 

"The notion of the women exercising naked in the schools with the 

men ... at the present day would appear truly ridiculous.... Not 

long since it was thought discreditable and ridiculous among the 

Greeks, as it is now among most barbarous nations, for men to be 

seen naked. And when the Cretans first, and after them the 

Lacedaemonians, began the practice of gymnastic exercises, the 

wits of the time had it in their power to make sport of those 

novelties.... As for the man who laughs at the idea of undressed 

women going through gymnastic exercises, as a means of revealing 

what is most perfect, his ridicule is but 'unripe fruit plucked 

from the tree of wisdom.'" (Plato, _Republic_, Book V.) 

 

According to Plutarch, however, among the Spartans, at all 

events, nakedness in women was not ridiculous, since the 

institutes of Lycurgus ordained that at solemn feasts and 

sacrifices the young women should dance naked and sing, the young 

men standing around in a circle to see and hear them. Aristotle 

says that in his time Spartan girls only wore a very slight 

garment. As described by Pausanias, and as shown by a statue in 

the Vatican, the ordinary tunic, which was the sole garment worn 

by women when running, left bare the right shoulder and breast, 

and only reached to the upper third of the thighs. (M.M. Evans, 

_Chapters on Greek Dress_, p. 34.) 

 

Among the Greeks who were inclined to accept the doctrines of 

Cynicism, it was held that, while shame is not unreasonable, what 

is good may be done and discussed before all men. There are a 

number of authorities who say that Crates and Hipparchia 

consummated their marriage in the presence of many spectators. 

Lactantius (_Inst._ iii, 15) says that the practice was common, 

but this Zeller is inclined to doubt. (Zeller, _Socrates and the 

Socratic Schools_, translated from the Third German Edition, 

1897.) 

 

"Among the Tyrrhenians, who carry their luxury to an 

extraordinary pitch, Timaeus, in his first book, relates that the 

female servants wait on the men in a state of nudity. And 

Theopompus, in the forty-third book of his _History_, states that 

it is a law among the Tyrrhenians that all their women should be 

in common; and that the women pay the greatest attention to their 

persons, and often practice gymnastic exercises, naked, among the 

men, and sometimes with one another; for that it is not accounted 

shameful for them to be seen naked.... Nor is it reckoned among 

the Tyrrhenians at all disgraceful either to do or suffer 

anything in the open air, or to be seen while it is going on; for 

it is quite the custom of their country, and they are so far from 

thinking it disgraceful that they even say, when the master of 

the house is indulging his appetite, and anyone asks for him, 

that he is doing so and so, using the coarsest possible words.... 

And they are very beautiful, as is natural for people to be who 

live delicately, and who take care of their persons." (Athenaeus, 


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