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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

 

Apuleius, writing in the second century, says: "Most women, in 

order to exhibit their native gracefulness and allurements, 

divest themselves of all their garments, and long to show their 

naked beauty, being conscious that they shall please more by the 

rosy redness of their skin than by the golden splendor of their 

robes." (Thomas Taylor's translation of _Metamorphosis_, p. 28.) 

 

Christianity seems to have profoundly affected habits of thought 

and feeling by uniting together the merely natural emotion of 

sexual reserve with, on the one hand, the masculine virtue of 

modesty--_modestia_--and, on the other, the prescription of 

sexual abstinence. Tertullian admirably illustrates this 

confusion, and his treatises _De Pudicitia_ and _De Cultu 

Feminarum_ are instructive from the present point of view. In the 

latter he remarks (Book II, Chapter I): "Salvation--and not of 

women only, but likewise of men--consists in the exhibition, 

principally, of modesty. Since we are all the temple of God, 

modesty is the sacristan and priestess of that temple, who is to 

suffer nothing unclean or profane to enter it, for fear that the 

God who inhabits it should be offended.... Most women, either 

from simple ignorance or from dissimulation, have the hardihood 

so to walk as if modesty consisted only in the integrity of the 

flesh, and in turning away from fornication, and there were no 

need for anything else,--in dress and ornament, the studied 

graces of form,--wearing in their gait the self-same appearance 

as the women of the nations from whom the sense of _true_ modesty 

is absent." 

 

The earliest Christian ideal of modesty, not long maintained, is 

well shown in an epistle which, there is some reason to suppose, 

was written by Clement of Rome. "And if we see it to be requisite 

to stand and pray for the sake of the woman, and to speak words 

of exhortation and edification, we call the brethren and all the 

holy sisters and maidens, likewise all the other women who are 

there, with all modesty and becoming behavior, to come and feast 

on the truth. And those among us who are skilled in speaking, 

speak to them, and exhort them in those words which God has given 

us. And then we pray, and salute one another, the men the men. 

But the women and the maidens will wrap their hands in their 

garments; we also, with circumspection and with all purity, our 

eyes looking upward, shall wrap our right hand in our garments; 

and then they will come and give us the salutation on our right 

hand, wrapped in our garments. Then we go where God permits us." 

(_Two Epistles Concerning Virginity_; Second Epistle, Chapter 

III, vol. xiv. Ante-Nicene Christian Library, p. 384.) 

 

"Women will scarce strip naked before their own husbands, 

affecting a plausible pretense of modesty," writes Clement of 

Alexandria, about the end of the second century, "but any others 

who wish may see them at home, shut up in their own baths, for 

they are not ashamed to strip before spectators, as if exposing 

their persons for sale. The baths are opened promiscuously to men 

and women; and there they strip for licentious indulgence (for, 

from looking, men get to loving), as if their modesty had been 

washed away in the bath. Those who have not become utterly 

destitute of modesty shut out strangers, but bathe with their own 


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