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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

twelfth and thirteenth centuries representing such a scene, but 

such baths in common are clearly represented in miniatures of the 

fifteenth century." (A. Schultz, _Das Hoefische Leben zur Zeit der 

Minnesaenger_, vol. i, p. 225.) 

 

"In the years 1450-70, the use of the cod-piece was introduced, 

whereby the attributes of manhood were accentuated in the most 

shameless manner. It was, in fact, the avowed aim at that period 

to attract attention to these parts. The cod-piece was sometimes 

colored differently from the rest of the garments, often stuffed 

out to enlarge it artificially, and decorated with ribbons." 

(Rudeck, _Geschichte der oeffentlichen Sittlichkeit in 

Deutschland_, pp. 45-48; Dufour, _Histoire de la Prostitution_, 

vol. vi, pp. 21-23. Groos refers to the significance of this 

fashion, _Spiele der Menschen_, p. 337.) 

 

"The first shirt began to be worn [in Germany] in the sixteenth 

century. From this fact, as well as from the custom of public 

bathing, we reach the remarkable result, that for the German 

people, the sight of complete nakedness was the daily rule up to 

the sixteenth century. Everyone undressed completely before going 

to bed, and, in the vapor-baths, no covering was used. Again, the 

dances, both of the peasants and the townspeople, were 

characterized by very high leaps into the air. It was the chief 

delight of the dancers for the male to raise his partner as high 

as possible in the air, so that her dress flew up. That feminine 

modesty was in this respect very indifferent, we know from 

countless references made in the fifteenth and sixteenth 

centuries. It must not be forgotten that throughout the middle 

ages women wore no underclothes, and even in the seventeenth 

century, the wearing of drawers by Italian women was regarded as 

singular. That with the disappearance of the baths, and the use 

of body-linen, a powerful influence was exerted on the creation 

of modesty, there can be little doubt." (Rudeck, op. cit., pp. 

57, 399, etc.) 

 

In 1461, when Louis XI entered Paris, three very beautiful 

maidens, quite naked, represented the Syrens, and declaimed poems 

before him; they were greatly admired by the public. In 1468, 

when Charles the Bold entered Lille, he was specially pleased, 

among the various festivities, with a representation of the 

Judgment of Paris, in which the three goddesses were nude. When 

Charles the Fifth entered Antwerp, the most beautiful maidens of 

the city danced before him, in nothing but gauze, and were 

closely contemplated by Duerer, as he told his friend, Melancthon. 

(B. Ritter, "Nuditaeten im Mittelalter," _Jahrbuecher fuer 

Wissenschaft und Kunst_, 1855, p. 227; this writer shows how 

luxury, fashion, poverty, and certain festivals, all combined to 

make nudity familiar; cf. Fahne, _Der Carneval_, p. 249. Dulaure 

quotes many old writers concerning the important part played by 

nude persons in ancient festivals, _Des Divinites Generatrices_, 

Chapter XIV.) 

 

Passek, a Polish officer who wrote an account of his campaigns, 

admired the ladies of Denmark in 1658, but considered their 

customs immodest. "Everyone sleeps naked as at birth, and none 

consider it shameful to dress or undress before others. No 

notice, even, is taken of the guest, and in the light one garment 


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