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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

is taken off after another, even the chemise is hung on the hook. 

Then the door is bolted, the light blown out, and one goes to 

bed. As we blamed their ways, saying that among us a woman would 

not act so, even in the presence of her husband alone, they 

replied that they knew nothing of such shame, and that there was 

no need to be ashamed of limbs which God had created. Moreover, 

to sleep without a shift was good, because, like the other 

garments, it sufficiently served the body during the day. Also, 

why take fleas and other insects to bed with one? Although our 

men teased them in various ways, they would not change their 

habits." (Passek, _Denkwuerdigkeiten_, German translation, p. 14.) 

 

Until late in the seventeenth century, women in England, as well 

as France, suffered much in childbirth from the ignorance and 

superstition of incompetent midwives, owing to the prevailing 

conceptions of modesty, which rendered it impossible (as it is 

still, to some extent, in some semi-civilized lands) for male 

physicians to attend them. Dr. Willoughby, of Derby, tells how, 

in 1658, he had to creep into the chamber of a lying-in woman on 

his hands and knees, in order to examine her unperceived. In 

France, Clement was employed secretly to attend the mistresses of 

Louis XIV in their confinements; to the first he was conducted 

blindfold, while the King was concealed among the bed-curtains, 

and the face of the lady was enveloped in a network of lace. (E. 

Malins, "Midwifery and Midwives," _British Medical Journal_, June 

22, 1901; Witkowski, _Histoire des Accouchements_, 1887, pp. 689 

et seq.) Even until the Revolution, the examination of women in 

France in cases of rape or attempted outrage was left to a jury 

of matrons. In old English manuals of midwifery, even in the 

early nineteenth century, we still find much insistence on the 

demands of modesty. Thus, Dr. John Burns, of Glasgow, in his 

_Principles of Midwifery_, states that "some women, from motives 

of false delicacy, are averse from examination until the pains 

become severe." He adds that "it is usual for the room to be 

darkened, and the bed-curtains drawn close, during an 

examination." Many old pictures show the accoucheur groping in 

the dark, beneath the bed-clothes, to perform operations on women 

in childbirth. (A. Kind, "Das Weib als Gebaererin in der Kunst," 

_Geschlecht und Gesellschaft_, Bd. II, Heft 5, p. 203.) 

 

In Iceland, Winkler stated in 1861 that he sometimes slept in the 

same room as a whole family; "it is often the custom for ten or 

more persons to use the same room for living in and sleeping, 

young and old, master and servant, male and female, and from 

motives of economy, all the clothes, without exception, are 

removed." (G. Winkler, _Island; seine Bewohner_, etc., pp. 107, 

110.) 

 

"At Cork," saye Fynes Moryson, in 1617, "I have seen with these 

eyes young maids stark naked grinding corn with certain stones to 

make cakes thereof." (Moryson, _Itinerary_, Part 3, Book III, 

Chapter V.) 

 

"In the more remote parts of Ireland," Moryson elsewhere says, 

where the English laws and manners are unknown, "the very chief 

of the Irish, men as well as women, go naked in very winter-time, 


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