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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

 

Coryat, when traveling in Italy in the early part of the 

seventeenth century, found that in Lombardy many of the women 

and children wore only smocks, or shirts, in the hot weather. At 

Venice and Padua, he found that wives, widows, and maids, walk 

with naked breasts, many with backs also naked, almost to the 

middle. (Coryat, _Crudities_, 1611. The fashion of _decollete_ 

garments, it may be remarked, only began in the fourteenth 

century; previously, the women of Europe generally covered 

themselves up to the neck.) 

 

In Northern Italy, some years ago, a fire occurred at night in a 

house in which two girls were sleeping, naked, according to the 

custom. One threw herself out and was saved, the other returned 

for a garment, and was burnt to death. The narrator of the 

incident [a man] expressed strong approval of the more modest 

girl's action. (Private communication.) It may be added that the 

custom of sleeping naked is still preserved, also (according to 

Lippert and Stratz), in Jutland, in Iceland, in some parts of 

Norway, and sometimes even in Berlin. 

 

Lady Mary Wortley Montague writes in 1717, of the Turkish ladies 

at the baths at Sophia: "The first sofas were covered with 

cushions and rich carpets, on which sat the ladies, and on the 

second, their slaves behind them, but without any distinction of 

rank in their dress, all being in a state of Nature; that is, in 

plain English, stark naked, without any beauty or defect 

concealed. Yet there was not the least wanton smile or immodest 

gesture among them. They walked and moved with the same majestic 

grace which Milton describes of our general mother. I am here 

convinced of the truth of a reflection I had often made, that if 

it was the fashion to go naked, the face would be hardly 

observed." (_Letters and Works_, 1866, vol. i, p. 285.) 

 

At St. Petersburg, in 1774, Sir Nicholas Wraxall observed "the 

promiscuous bathing of not less than two hundred persons, of both 

sexes. There are several of these public bagnios," he adds, "in 

Petersburg, and every one pays a few copecks for admittance. 

There are, indeed, separate spaces for the men and women, but 

they seem quite regardless of this distinction, and sit or bathe 

in a state of absolute nudity among each other." (Sir N. Wraxall, 

_A Tour Through Some of the Northern Parts of Europe_, 3d ed., 

1776, p. 248.) It is still usual for women in the country parts 

of Russia to bathe naked in the streams. 

 

In 1790, Wedgwood wrote to Flaxman: "The nude is so general in 

the work of the ancients, that it will be very difficult to avoid 

the introduction of naked figures. On the other hand, it is 

absolutely necessary to do so, or to keep the pieces for our own 

use; for none, either male or female, of the present generation 

will take or apply them as furniture if the figures are naked." 

(Meteyard, _Life of Wedgwood_, vol. ii, p. 589.) 

 

Mary Wollstonecraft quotes (for reprobation and not for 

approval) the following remarks: "The lady who asked the 

question whether women may be instructed in the modern system of 

botany, was accused of ridiculous prudery; nevertheless, if she 

had proposed the question to me, I should certainly have 

answered: 'They cannot!'" She further quotes from an educational 

book: "It would be needless to caution you against putting your 


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