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GENERAL PREFACE
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-1.6
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.1
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.2
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.4
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-2.5
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-3
THE EVOLUTION OF MODESTY-4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-1.2
FOOTNOTES
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-2.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.1
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.2
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.3
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.4
THE PHENOMENA OF SEXUAL PERIODICITY-3.5
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-1.6
FOOTNOTES
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-2.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.1
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.2
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.3
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.4
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.5
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.6
AUTO-EROTISM: A STUDY OF THE SPONTANEOUS MANIFESTATIONS OF THE SEXUAL IMPULSE-3.7
FOOTNOTES
APPENDIX A-1.1
APPENDIX A-1.2
APPENDIX B-1.1
APPENDIX B-1.2
APPENDIX C-1.1
APPENDIX C-1.2
INDEX OF AUTHORS

indignant, but also it gave her the feeling as if every man may 

secretly despise a woman for the very things he teaches her, and 

only meets her confiding delight with regret or dislike." 

(Private communication.) 

 

"Women will occasionally be found to hide diseases and symptoms 

from a bashfulness and modesty so great and perverse as to be 

hardly credible," writes Dr. W. Wynn Westcott, an experienced 

coroner. "I have known several cases of female deaths, reported 

as sudden, and of cause unknown, when the medical man called in 

during the latter hours of life has been quite unaware that his 

lady patient was dying of gangrene of a strangulated femoral 

hernia, or was bleeding to death from the bowel, or from ruptured 

varices of the vulva." (_British Medical Journal_, Feb. 29, 

1908.) 

 

The foregoing selection of facts might, of course, be 

indefinitely enlarged, since I have not generally quoted from any 

previous collection of facts bearing on the question of modesty. 

Such collections may be found in Ploss and Max Bartels _Das 

Weib_, a work that is constantly appearing in new and enlarged 

editions; Herbert Spencer, _Descriptive Sociology_ (especially 

under such headings as "Clothing," "Moral Sentiments," and 

"AEsthetic Products"); W.G. Sumner, _Folkways_, Ch. XI; 

Mantegazza, _Amori degli Uomini_, Chapter II; Westermarck, 

_Marriage_, Chapter IX; Letourneau, _L'Evolution de la Morale_, 

pp. 126 et seq.; G. Mortimer, _Chapters on Human Love_, Chapter 

IV; and in the general anthropological works of Waitz-Gerland, 

Peschel, Ratzel and others. 

 

 

FOOTNOTES: 

 

[1] The earliest theory I have met with is that of St. Augustine, who 

states (_De Civitate Dei_, Bk. XIV, Ch. XVII) that erections of the penis 

never occurred until after the Fall of Man. It was the occurrence of this 

"shameless novelty" which made nakedness indecent. This theory fails to 

account for modesty in women. 

 

[2] Guyau, _L'Irreligion de l'Avenir_, Ch. VII. 

 

[3] Timidity, as understood by Dugas, in his interesting essay on that 

subject, is probably most remote. Dr. H. Campbell's "morbid shyness" 

(_British Medical Journal_, September 26, 1896) is, in part, identical 

with timidity, in part, with modesty. The matter is further complicated by 

the fact that modesty itself has in English (like virtue) two distinct 

meanings. In its original form it has no special connection with sex or 

women, but may rather be considered as a masculine virtue. Cicero regards 

"modestia" as the equivalent of the Greek sophrosune. This is the 

"modesty" which Mary Wollstonecraft eulogized in the last century, the 

outcome of knowledge and reflection, "soberness of mind," "the graceful 

calm virtue of maturity." In French, it is possible to avoid the 

confusion, and _modestie_ is entirely distinct from _pudeur_. It is, of 

course, mainly with _pudeur_ that I am here concerned. 


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